Randomized Communication and Implicit Graph Representations

Harms, Nathaniel, Wild, Sebastian ORCID: 0000-0002-6061-9177 and Zamaraev, Viktor ORCID: 0000-0001-5755-4141
(2021) Randomized Communication and Implicit Graph Representations. .

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We study constant-cost randomized communication problems and relate them to implicit graph representations in structural graph theory. Specifically, constant-cost communication problems correspond to hereditary graph families that admit constant-size adjacency sketches, or equivalently constant-size probabilistic universal graphs (PUGs), and these graph families are a subset of families that admit adjacency labeling schemes of size O(log n), which are the subject of the well-studied implicit graph question (IGQ). We initiate the study of the hereditary graph families that admit constant-size PUGs, with the two (equivalent) goals of (1) understanding randomized constant-cost communication problems, and (2) understanding a probabilistic version of the IGQ. For each family $\mathcal F$ studied in this paper (including the monogenic bipartite families, product graphs, interval and permutation graphs, families of bounded twin-width, and others), it holds that the subfamilies $\mathcal H \subseteq \mathcal F$ are either stable (in a sense relating to model theory), in which case they admit constant-size PUGs, or they are not stable, in which case they do not. The correspondence between communication problems and hereditary graph families allows for a new method of constructing adjacency labeling schemes. By this method, we show that the induced subgraphs of any Cartesian products are positive examples to the IGQ. We prove that this probabilistic construction cannot be derandomized by using an Equality oracle, i.e. the Equality oracle cannot simulate the k-Hamming Distance communication protocol. We also obtain constant-size sketches for deciding $\mathsf{dist}(x, y) \le k$ for vertices $x$, $y$ in any stable graph family with bounded twin-width. This generalizes to constant-size sketches for deciding first-order formulas over the same graphs.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Additional Information: 71 pages, 10 figures
Uncontrolled Keywords: cs.DS, cs.DS, cs.CC, cs.DM
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2021 07:59
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2022 20:15
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3143167