Corneal confocal microscopy for the diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Gad, Hoda, Petropoulos, Ioannis N, Khan, Adnan, Ponirakis, Georgios, MacDonald, Ross, Alam, Uazman ORCID: 0000-0002-3190-1122 and Malik, Rayaz A
(2022) Corneal confocal microscopy for the diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION, 13 (1). pp. 134-147.

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<h4>Introduction</h4>Corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) is a rapid non-invasive ophthalmic imaging technique that identifies corneal nerve fiber damage. Small studies suggest that CCM could be used to assess patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).<h4>Aim</h4>To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the diagnostic utility of CCM for sub-clinical DPN (DPN<sup>-</sup> ) and established DPN (DPN<sup>+</sup> ).<h4>Data sources</h4>Databases (PubMed, Embase, Central, ProQuest) were searched for studies using CCM in patients with diabetes up to April 2020.<h4>Study selection</h4>Studies were included if they reported on at least one CCM parameter in patients with diabetes.<h4>Data extraction</h4>Corneal nerve fiber density (CNFD), corneal nerve branch density (CNBD), corneal nerve fiber length (CNFL), and inferior whorl length (IWL) were compared between patients with diabetes with and without DPN and controls. Meta-analysis was undertaken using RevMan V.5.3.<h4>Data synthesis</h4>Thirty-eight studies including ~4,000 participants were included in this meta-analysis. There were significant reductions in CNFD, CNBD, CNFL, and IWL in DPN<sup>-</sup> vs controls (P < 0.00001), DPN<sup>+</sup> vs controls (P < 0.00001), and DPN<sup>+</sup> vs DPN<sup>-</sup> (P < 0.00001).<h4>Conclusion</h4>This systematic review and meta-analysis shows that CCM detects small nerve fiber loss in subclinical and clinical DPN and concludes that CCM has good diagnostic utility in DPN.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CCM, Diabetic peripheral neuropathy, Diagnosis
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2021 14:38
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:19
DOI: 10.1111/jdi.13643
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