Production of light-flavor hadrons in pp collisions at √<i>s</i>=7 and √<i>s</i>=13 Tev



Acharya, S, Acosta, FT, Adam, J, Adamova, D, Adler, A, Adolfsson, J, Aggarwal, MM, Rinella, G Aglieri, Agnello, M, Agrawal, N
et al (show 1017 more authors) (2021) Production of light-flavor hadrons in pp collisions at √<i>s</i>=7 and √<i>s</i>=13 Tev. EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C, 81 (3). 256-.

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The production of <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\pi ^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>π</mml:mi> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm{K}^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>K</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm{K}^{0}_{S}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>K</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mi>S</mml:mi> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm{K}^{*}(892)^{0}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>K</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mrow /> <mml:mo>∗</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mn>892</mml:mn> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:msup> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm{p}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\phi (1020)$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>ϕ</mml:mi> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mn>1020</mml:mn> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Lambda $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Xi ^{-}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>Ξ</mml:mi> <mml:mo>-</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Omega ^{-}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>Ω</mml:mi> <mml:mo>-</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, and their antiparticles was measured in inelastic proton–proton (pp) collisions at a center-of-mass energy of <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\sqrt{s}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV at midrapidity (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$|y|&lt;0.5$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>|</mml:mo> <mml:mi>y</mml:mi> <mml:mo>|</mml:mo> <mml:mo>&lt;</mml:mo> <mml:mn>0.5</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) as a function of transverse momentum (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_{\mathrm{T}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) using the ALICE detector at the CERN LHC. Furthermore, the single-particle <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_{\mathrm{T}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> distributions of <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm{K}^{0}_{S}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>K</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mi>S</mml:mi> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Lambda $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, and <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\overline{\Lambda }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> in inelastic pp collisions at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\sqrt{s} = 7$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> <mml:mo>=</mml:mo> <mml:mn>7</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> TeV are reported here for the first time. The <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_{\mathrm{T}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> distributions are studied at midrapidity within the transverse momentum range <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$0\le p_{\mathrm{T}}\le 20$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> <mml:mo>≤</mml:mo> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> <mml:mo>≤</mml:mo> <mml:mn>20</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> GeV/<jats:italic>c</jats:italic>, depending on the particle species. The <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_{\mathrm{T}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> spectra, integrated yields, and particle yield ratios are discussed as a function of collision energy and compared with measurements at lower <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\sqrt{s}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> and with results from various general-purpose QCD-inspired Monte Carlo models. A hardening of the spectra at high <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_{\mathrm{T}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> with increasing collision energy is observed, which is similar for all particle species under study. The transverse mass and <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$x_{\mathrm{T}}\equiv 2p_{\mathrm{T}}/\sqrt{s}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>x</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> <mml:mo>≡</mml:mo> <mml:mn>2</mml:mn> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> <mml:mo>/</mml:mo> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> scaling properties of hadron production are also studied. As the collision energy increases from <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\sqrt{s}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 7–13 TeV, the yields of non- and single-strange hadrons normalized to the pion yields remain approximately constant as a function of <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\sqrt{s}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, while ratios for multi-strange hadrons indicate enhancements. The <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_\mathrm{{T}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>-differential cross sections of <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\pi ^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>π</mml:mi> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm {K}^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>K</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> and <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm {p}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) are compared with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations, which are found to overestimate the cross sections for <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\pi ^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>π</mml:mi> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> and <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\mathrm{p}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\overline{\mathrm{p}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) at high <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_\mathrm{{T}}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mi>T</mml:mi> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 5106 Nuclear and Plasma Physics, 5107 Particle and High Energy Physics, 51 Physical Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2021 13:38
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 18:53
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-08690-5
Open Access URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1140%2Fepjc%2...
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3145571