Impacts of Variations in Caspian Sea Surface Area on Catchment-Scale and Large-Scale Climate

Koriche, Sifan A, Nandini-Weiss, Sri D, Prange, Matthias, Singarayer, Joy S, Arpe, Klaus, Cloke, Hannah L, Schulz, Michael, Bakker, Pepijn, Leroy, Suzanne AG ORCID: 0000-0002-2556-2339 and Coe, Michael
(2021) Impacts of Variations in Caspian Sea Surface Area on Catchment-Scale and Large-Scale Climate. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 126 (18).

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The Caspian Sea (CS) is the largest inland lake in the world. Large variations in sea level and surface area occurred in the past and are projected for the future. The potential impacts on regional and large‐scale hydroclimate are not well understood. Here, we examine the impact of CS area on climate within its catchment and across the northern hemisphere, for the first time with a fully coupled climate model. The Community Earth System Model (CESM1.2.2) is used to simulate the climate of four scenarios: (a) larger than present CS area, (b) current area, (c) smaller than present area, and (d) no‐CS scenario. The results reveal large changes in the regional atmospheric water budget. Evaporation (e) over the sea increases with increasing area, while precipitation (P) increases over the south‐west CS with increasing area. P‐E over the CS catchment decreases as CS surface area increases, indicating a dominant negative lake‐evaporation feedback. A larger CS reduces summer surface air temperatures and increases winter temperatures. The impacts extend eastwards, where summer precipitation is enhanced over central Asia and the north‐western Pacific experiences warming with reduced winter sea ice. Our results also indicate weakening of the 500‐hPa troughs over the northern Pacific with larger CS area. We find a thermal response triggers a southward shift of the upper troposphere jet stream during summer. Our findings establish that changing CS area results in climate impacts of such scope that CS area variations should be incorporated into climate model simulations, including palaeo and future scenarios.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Caspian Sea, CESM1, 2, 2 model, evaporation, precipitation, subtropical jet
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2021 15:46
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2023 18:19
DOI: 10.1029/2020JD034251
Open Access URL:
Related URLs: