A bioenergetics approach to understanding sex differences in the foraging behaviour of a sexually monomorphic species

Bennison, Ashley, Gimenez, Joan, Quinn, John L, Green, Jonathan A ORCID: 0000-0001-8692-0163 and Jessopp, Mark
(2022) A bioenergetics approach to understanding sex differences in the foraging behaviour of a sexually monomorphic species. ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE, 9 (1). 210520-.

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Many animals show sexually divergent foraging behaviours reflecting different physiological constraints or energetic needs. We used a bioenergetics approach to examine sex differences in foraging behaviour of the sexually monomorphic northern gannet. We derived a relationship between dynamic body acceleration and energy expenditure to quantify the energetic cost of prey capture attempts (plunge dives). Fourteen gannets were tracked using GPS, time depth recorders (TDR) and accelerometers. All plunge dives in a foraging trip represented less than 4% of total energy expenditure, with no significant sex differences in expenditure. Despite females undertaking significantly more dives than males, this low energetic cost resulted in no sex differences in overall energy expenditure across a foraging trip. Bayesian stable isotope mixing models based on blood samples highlighted sex differences in diet; however, calorific intake from successful prey capture was estimated to be similar between sexes. Females experienced 10.28% higher energy demands, primarily due to unequal chick provisioning. Estimates show a minimum of 19% of dives have to be successful for females to meet their daily energy requirements, and 26% for males. Our analyses suggest northern gannets show sex differences in foraging behaviour primarily related to dive rate and success rather than the energetic cost of foraging or energetic content of prey.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: northern gannet, isotope ecology, movement ecology, bioenergetics, accelerometry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2022 14:22
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:14
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.210520
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3148036