The faecal metabolome and mycobiome in Parkinson's disease

De Pablo-Fernandez, Eduardo, Gebeyehu, Gerum Gashaw, Flain, Luke, Slater, Rachael, Frau, Alessandra ORCID: 0000-0002-6885-1042, Ijaz, Umer Zeeshan, Warner, Thomas and Probert, Chris ORCID: 0000-0003-4550-0239
(2022) The faecal metabolome and mycobiome in Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, 95. pp. 65-69.

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<h4>Background</h4>Gut fungal composition and its metabolites have not been assessed simultaneously in Parkinson's disease (PD) despite their potential pathogenic contribution.<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the faecal metabolome and mycobiome in PD by assessing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and fungal rRNA.<h4>Methods</h4>Faecal VOCs from 35 PD patients and two control groups (n = 35; n = 15) were assessed using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. DNA was extracted from 44 samples: 18S rRNA gene amplicons were prepared and sequenced. Metabolomics, mycobiome and integrated analyses were performed.<h4>Results</h4>Several VOCs were more abundant and short chain fatty acids were less abundant in PD. Hanseniaspora, Kazachstania, uncultured Tremellaceae and Penicillium genera were more abundant, and Saccharomyces less abundant in PD (FDR<0.0007). Torulaspora was associated with PD and two VOCs.<h4>Conclusion</h4>PD patients had a distinct metabolome and mycobiome suggesting that fungal dysbiosis may contribute to PD pathogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Parkinson 's disease, Metabolomics, Mycobiome, Fungal dysbiosis, Volatile organic compounds
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 16:29
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:11
DOI: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2022.01.005
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