Medical Student Portfolios: A Systematic Scoping Review

Tan, Rei, Ting, Jacquelin Jia Qi, Hong, Daniel Zhihao, Lim, Annabelle Jia Sing, Ong, Yun Ting, Pisupati, Anushka, Chong, Eleanor Jia Xin, Chiam, Min, Lee, Alexia Sze Inn, Tan, Laura Hui Shuen
et al (show 4 more authors) (2022) Medical Student Portfolios: A Systematic Scoping Review. JOURNAL OF MEDICAL EDUCATION AND CURRICULAR DEVELOPMENT, 9. 23821205221076022-.

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<h4>Phenomenon</h4>Medical Student Portfolios (MSP)s allow medical students to reflect and better appreciate their clinical, research and academic experiences which promotes their individual personal and professional development. However, differences in adoption rate, content design and practice setting create significant variability in their employ. With MSPs increasingly used to evaluate professional competencies and the student's professional identity formation (PIF), this has become an area of concern.<h4>Approach</h4>We adopt Krishna's Systematic Evidence-Based Approach to carry out a Systematic Scoping Review (SSR in SEBA) on MSPs. The structured search process of six databases, concurrent use of thematic and content analysis in the Split Approach and comparisons of the themes and categories with the tabulated summaries of included articles in the Jigsaw Perspective and Funnelling Process offers enhanced transparency and reproducibility to this review.<h4>Findings</h4>The research team retrieved 14501 abstracts, reviewed 779 full-text articles and included 96 articles. Similarities between the themes, categories and tabulated summaries allowed the identification of the following funnelled domains: Purpose of MSPs, Content and structure of MSPs, Strengths and limitations of MSPs, Methods to improve MSPs, and Use of E-portfolios.<h4>Insights</h4>Variability in the employ of MSPs arise as a result of a failure to recognise its different roles and uses. Here we propose additional roles of MSPs, in particular, building on a consistent set of content materials and assessments of milestones called micro-competencies. Whislt generalised micro-competencies assess achievement of general milestones expected of all medical students, personalised micro-competencies record attainment of particular skills, knowledge and attitudes balanced against the medical student's abilities, context and needs. This combination of micro-competencies in a consistent framework promises a holistic, authentic and longitudinal perspective of the medical student's development and maturing PIF.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: medical student portfolio, medical student, portfolio, learning, assessment, reflection, curriculum
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2022 14:13
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2023 07:03
DOI: 10.1177/23821205221076022
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