Enhancing patient and public contribution in health outcome selection during clinical guideline development: an ethnographic study.

Biggane, Alice M, Young, Bridget ORCID: 0000-0001-6041-9901, Williamson, Paula R ORCID: 0000-0001-9802-6636, Whittingham, Erin and Cooper, Jessie
(2022) Enhancing patient and public contribution in health outcome selection during clinical guideline development: an ethnographic study. BMC health services research, 22 (1). 361 - 361.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


<h4>Background</h4>Patient and public involvement (PPI) is a cornerstone in enhancing healthcare research and delivery, including clinical guideline development. Health outcomes concern changes in the health status of an individual or population that are attributable to an intervention. Discussion of relevant health outcomes impacts the resulting clinical guidelines for practice. This study explores how the input of PPI contributors at the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is integrated into guideline development, particularly in relation to health outcome selection.<h4>Methods</h4>The study used an ethnographic methodological approach. Data comprised: observations of committee meetings, scoping workshops and training sessions, and in-depth interviews with PPI contributors, health professionals and chairs from clinical guideline development committees. Data were analysed thematically.<h4>Results</h4>PPI contributors' input in the guideline development process was often of limited scope, particularly in selecting health outcomes. Key constraints on their input included: the technical content and language of guidelines, assumed differences in the health-related priorities between PPI contributors and health professionals, and the linear timeline of the guideline development process. However, PPI contributors can influence clinical guideline development including the selection of relevant health outcomes. This was achieved through several factors and highlights the important role of the committee chair, the importance of training and support for all committee members, the use of plain language and the opportunity for all committee members to engage.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Lay member input during the outcome selection phase of clinical guideline development is achievable, but there are challenges to overcome. Study findings identify ways that future guideline developers can support meaningful lay involvement in guideline development and health outcome selection.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 07:57
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2022 00:11
DOI: 10.1186/s12913-022-07736-6
Open Access URL: https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/track/p...
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3152016