Synthesis and initial testing of novel antimalarial and antitubercular isonicotinohydrazides

Amewu, Richard K ORCID: 0000-0002-4676-436X, Ade, Crystal F, Otchere, Isaac Darko, Morgan, Portia and Yeboah-Manu, Dorothy
(2022) Synthesis and initial testing of novel antimalarial and antitubercular isonicotinohydrazides. RESULTS IN CHEMISTRY, 4. p. 100287.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


Malaria and tuberculosis (TB) though curable and preventable, remain serious public health problems globally, with devastating consequences. Co-infection of these two deadly diseases worsens the situation and particularly makes treatment very difficult. The current mainstay for malaria treatment is gradually losing their potency due to the development of resistance. Macobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) has developed Multi-drug Resistance (MDR) and Extensive Drug Resistance (XDR) to current antitubercular drugs due to patient incompliance resulting from long treatment regimen. A small library of isonicotinohydrazide were synthesised by incorporating 1,2,4,5- tetraoxane and hydrazine moieties. Evaluation of the compounds gave antimalarial activities in the range 0.060 ± 0.033–0.491 ± 0.012 µM against 3D7 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. We assessed antimycobacterial activity of selected compounds against the standard Mycobacterium tuberculosis reference strain H37Rv and M. aurum (a non-tuberculous mycobacteria) using the microplate Alamar blue (MABA) assay and found four compounds to be very potent against H37Rv but largely inactive against Macobacterium aurum. We followed up to estimate the minimum inhibitory concentrations of these active compounds and tested them against clinical M. tuberculosis strains resistant to isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF). The MICs of the active compounds against H37Rv were between 0.003 and 0.5 mg/mL however, they were largely inactive against drug resistant clinical strains except for the INH mono-resistant resistant strain which was very active with compounds 5 and 8 possessing MICs of 0.125 mg/mL.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Isonitinohydrazides, Tetraoxanes, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Malaria, Molecular hybridization
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 11:17
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:03
DOI: 10.1016/j.rechem.2022.100287
Open Access URL:
Related URLs: