COVID-19 vicarious traumatization links functional connectome to general distress.



Suo, Xueling, Zuo, Chao, Lan, Huan, Pan, Nanfang, Zhang, Xun, Kemp, Graham J, Wang, Song and Gong, Qiyong
(2022) COVID-19 vicarious traumatization links functional connectome to general distress. NeuroImage, 255. 119185 - ?.

[img] Text
COVID-19 vicarious traumatization links functional connectome to general distress.pdf - OA Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

As characterized by repeated exposure of others' trauma, vicarious traumatization is a common negative psychological reaction during the COVID-19 pandemic and plays a crucial role in the development of general mental distress. This study aims to identify functional connectome that encodes individual variations of pandemic-related vicarious traumatization and reveal the underlying brain-vicarious traumatization mechanism in predicting general distress. The eligible subjects were 105 general university students (60 females, aged from 19 to 27 years) undergoing brain MRI scanning and baseline behavioral tests (October 2019 to January 2020), whom were re-contacted for COVID-related vicarious traumatization measurement (February to April 2020) and follow-up general distress evaluation (March to April 2021). We applied a connectome-based predictive modeling (CPM) approach to identify the functional connectome supporting vicarious traumatization based on a 268-region-parcellation assigned to network memberships. The CPM analyses showed that only the negative network model stably predicted individuals' vicarious traumatization scores (q<sup>2</sup> = -0.18, MSE = 617, r <sub>[predicted, actual]</sub> = 0.18, p = 0.024), with the contributing functional connectivity primarily distributed in the fronto-parietal, default mode, medial frontal, salience, and motor network. Furthermore, mediation analysis revealed that vicarious traumatization mediated the influence of brain functional connectome on general distress. Importantly, our results were independent of baseline family socioeconomic status, other stressful life events and general mental health as well as age, sex and head motion. Our study is the first to provide evidence for the functional neural markers of vicarious traumatization and reveal an underlying neuropsychological pathway to predict distress symptoms in which brain functional connectome affects general distress via vicarious traumatization.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mental Health, Female, Pandemics, Connectome, Compassion Fatigue, COVID-19
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 17 May 2022 13:37
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2022 02:14
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119185
Open Access URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3154989