COVID-19 Social Science and Public Engagement Action Research in Vietnam, Indonesia and Nepal (SPEAR): Protocol for a mixed methods study exploring the experiences and impacts of COVID-19 for healthcare workers and vulnerable communities



Van Nuil, Jennifer Ilo ORCID: 0000-0002-5167-5505, Friska, Dewi ORCID: 0000-0002-5994-7528, Kekalih, Aria, Bhandari, Anup Raj, Bogh, Claus, Brindle, Hannah, Bui, Thi Hong Ngoc, Deokota, Dinesh, Ragil Dien, Soraya Weldina, Doan, Phuong Nhung
et al (show 30 more authors) (2021) COVID-19 Social Science and Public Engagement Action Research in Vietnam, Indonesia and Nepal (SPEAR): Protocol for a mixed methods study exploring the experiences and impacts of COVID-19 for healthcare workers and vulnerable communities. Wellcome Open Research, 6. 352 - 352.

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Abstract

<ns3:p><ns3:bold>Background: </ns3:bold>When the novel coronavirus – SARS-CoV-2 – started to spread globally, there was a call for social and behavioral scientists to conduct research to explore the wider socio-cultural contexts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to understand vulnerabilities, as well as to increase engagement within communities to facilitate adoption of public health measures. In this manuscript, we describe the protocol for a study conducted in Indonesia, Nepal, and Vietnam. In the study, we explore how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting individuals and their communities. We focus on the wider health and economic impacts of COVID-19, in particular emerging and increased burden on mental health, as well as new or deepened vulnerabilities in the communities. The introduction of vaccines has added another layer of complexity and highlights differences in acceptance and inequalities around access. </ns3:p><ns3:p> <ns3:bold>Methods: </ns3:bold>We use mixed methods, combining survey methods and social media surveillance to gain a picture of the general situation within each country, with in-depth qualitative methods to gain a deeper understanding of issues, coupled with a synergistic engagement component. We also include an exploration of the role of social media in revealing or driving perceptions of the pandemic more broadly. Participants include health workers and members of communities from 13 sites across the three countries. Data collection is spread across two phases. Phase 1 is concerned with exploring lived experiences, impacts on working lives and livelihoods, mental health and coping strategies. Phase 2 is concerned with acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines, factors that increase and reduce acceptance, and factors that influence access.</ns3:p><ns3:p> <ns3:bold>Conclusions: </ns3:bold>We will disseminate findings in multiple ways including short reports and policy briefs, articles in peer-reviewed journals, and digital diaries will be edited into short films and uploaded onto social media sites.</ns3:p>

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 19 May 2022 07:52
Last Modified: 21 May 2022 00:13
DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.17314.1
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3155104