New palaeodirections and palaeointensity data from extensive profiles through the Ediacaran section of the Volyn Basalt Province (NW Ukraine)

Thallner, D, Shcherbakova, VV, Bakhmutov, VG, Shcherbakov, VP, Zhidkov, GV, Poliachenko, IB and Biggin, AJ ORCID: 0000-0003-4164-5924
(2022) New palaeodirections and palaeointensity data from extensive profiles through the Ediacaran section of the Volyn Basalt Province (NW Ukraine). GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, 231 (1). pp. 474-492.

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<jats:title>SUMMARY</jats:title> <jats:p>Changes in the geomagnetic field over geologic timescales can be used to study the evolution and processes of its sources in Earth's deep interior. As a stark contrast to the geomagnetic field behaviour of the recent past, the field in the late Neoproterozoic is defined by ambiguous polar wander paths, ultralow field strengths and a period of extreme reversal hyperactivity. Palaeointensity data from this time are still scarce and conclusions made from these data suffer from large uncertainties brought by a low sampling density. In this study, we present new palaeomagnetic and palaeointensity data from quarry outcrops and five deep drill cores, covering the longest and most complete profiles through the Ediacaran units in the Volyn Basalt Province (NW Ukraine) to date. Palaeodirectional analysis of thermal and alternating field demagnetization experiments reveals at least six reversals in the profile as well as four palaeopoles that agree with previously published poles. Whole-rock palaeointensity estimates are derived from a multimethod approach that utilizes thermal and microwave Thellier experiments performed using Coe and IZZI protocols as well as Wilson and double-heating Shaw experiments. These produce instantaneous site-mean palaeointensity estimates in the range of 2.1 ± 0.4 to 11.1 ± 3.5 µT and virtual dipole moments in the range of 0.31 ± 0.06 × 1022 to 1.67 ± 0.53 × 1022 A m2. Small-scale variations of palaeointensities throughout the profile not only show extremely weak field strengths around polarity changes but could also suggest that the field strength never fully recovered between reversals. These new results increase the density of intensity data coverage for Baltica in the Late Ediacaran and, in combination with previously published Ediacaran dipole moments, support an extremely weak field that seems to increase in strength towards the Ediacaran–Cambrian transition.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magnetic field variations through time, Palaeointensity, Palaeomagnetism, Rock and mineral magnetism
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2022 14:52
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:57
DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggac186
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