Combining Spectral-Domain OCT and Air-Puff Tonometry Analysis to Diagnose Keratoconus

Lu, Nan-Ji, Elsheikh, Ahmed ORCID: 0000-0001-7456-1749, Rozema, Jos J, Hafezi, Nikki, Aslanides, Ioannis M, Hillen, Mark, Eckert, Daniel, Funck, Christian, Koppen, Carina, Cui, Le-Le
et al (show 1 more authors) (2022) Combining Spectral-Domain OCT and Air-Puff Tonometry Analysis to Diagnose Keratoconus. JOURNAL OF REFRACTIVE SURGERY, 38 (6). 374-+.

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<h4>Purpose</h4>To investigate the diagnostic capacity of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) combined with air-puff tonometry using artificial intelligence (AI) in differentiating between normal and keratoconic eyes.<h4>Methods</h4>Patients who had either undergone uneventful laser vision correction with at least 3 years of stable follow-up or those who had forme fruste keratoconus (FFKC), early keratoconus (EKC), or advanced keratoconus (AKC) were included. SD-OCT and biomechanical information from air-puff tonometry was divided into training and validation sets. AI models based on random forest or neural networks were trained to distinguish eyes with FFKC from normal eyes. Model accuracy was independently tested in eyes with FFKC and normal eyes. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to determine area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity values.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 223 normal eyes from 223 patients, 69 FFKC eyes from 69 patients, 72 EKC eyes from 72 patients, and 258 AKC eyes from 258 patients were included. The top AUC ROC values (normal eyes compared with AKC and EKC) were Pentacam Random Forest Index (AUC = 0.985 and 0.958), Tomographic and Biomechanical Index (AUC = 0.983 and 0.925), and Belin-Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Total Deviation Index (AUC = 0.981 and 0.922). When SD-OCT and air-puff tonometry data were combined, the random forest AI model provided the highest accuracy with 99% AUC for FFKC (75% sensitivity; 94.74% specificity).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Currently, AI parameters accurately diagnose AKC and EKC, but have a limited ability to diagnose FFKC. AI-assisted diagnostic technology that uses both SD-OCT and air-puff tonometry may overcome this limitation, leading to improved treatment of patients with keratoconus. <b>[<i>J Refract Surg</i>. 2022;38(6):374-380.]</b>.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cornea, Humans, Keratoconus, Tomography, Optical Coherence, Corneal Topography, Retrospective Studies, ROC Curve, Manometry, Artificial Intelligence, Corneal Pachymetry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2022 10:30
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:57
DOI: 10.3928/1081597X-20220414-02
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