Feasibility of p-Doped Molecular Crystals as Transparent Conductive Electrodes via Virtual Screening

Nematiaram, Tahereh and Troisi, Alessandro ORCID: 0000-0002-5447-5648
(2022) Feasibility of p-Doped Molecular Crystals as Transparent Conductive Electrodes via Virtual Screening. CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 34 (9). pp. 4050-4061.

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Transparent conducting materials are an essential component of optoelectronic devices. It is proven difficult, however, to develop high-performance materials that combine the often-incompatible properties of transparency and conductivity, especially for p-type-doped materials. In this work, we have employed a large set of molecular semiconductors extracted from the Cambridge Structural Database to evaluate the likelihood of transparent conducting material technology based on p-type-doped molecular crystals. Candidates are identified imposing the condition of high highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level (for the material to be easily dopable), high charge carrier mobility (for the material to display large conductivity when doped), and a high threshold for energy absorption (for the material to absorb radiation only in the ultraviolet). The latest condition is found to be the most stringent criterion in a virtual screening protocol on a database composed of structures with sufficiently wide two-dimensional (2D) electronic bands. Calculation of excited-state energy is shown to be essential as the HOMO-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gap cannot be reliably used to predict the transparency of this material class. Molecular semiconductors with desirable mobility are transparent because they display either forbidden electronic transition(s) to the lower excited states or small exchange energy between the frontier orbitals. Both features are difficult to design but can be found in a good number of compounds through virtual screening.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2022 10:58
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:56
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.2c00281
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.2c00281
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3157866