A Prospective Cohort Study on the Periparturient Muscle Tissue Mobilisation in High Producing Dairy Cows

Hatfield, Cara, Tulley, William, Hall, Rachel, Griffiths, Bethany Eloise, Foskolos, Andreas, Smith, Robert Frank ORCID: 0000-0003-0944-310X and Oikonomou, Georgios
(2022) A Prospective Cohort Study on the Periparturient Muscle Tissue Mobilisation in High Producing Dairy Cows. ANIMALS, 12 (14). 1772-.

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Excessive periparturient fat mobilisation and its association with dairy cattle health and fertility is well documented; however, the role of muscle mobilisation has not been studied extensively. The objectives of this study were to (i) investigate the changes in the thickness of the longissimus dorsi muscle in high producing dairy cows during the periparturient period, (ii) identify factors associated with these changes, and (iii) describe their possible associations with cattle reproductive performance. Data were collected from a total of 500 lactations from 455 cows on three different UK farms. Muscle thickness (MT) (<i>Longissimus dorsi</i>) and back fat thickness (BFT) measurements were collected at three different time-points during the periparturient period using ultrasonography. Body condition score (BCS) was also assessed at the same time-points and blood samples were collected for the measurement of non-esterified fatty acids. Farm fertility records were used and genomically estimated breeding values were also available. Associations between variables were analysed with the use of multivariable linear and logistic regression models; Cox proportional hazard analysis was used for fertility outcomes. Muscle thickness decreased pre- to post-calving on all three farms, though they were notable between farm differences. Those animals with a lower BCS pre-calving had a higher MT loss; significant fat mobilisation occurred between the calving and early lactation period. Muscle thickness changes and fat mobilisation were not associated in this study. An increased time to first service was described for those animals that mobilised more muscle tissue. Our study advances the understanding of periparturient muscle tissue mobilisation in dairy cattle and highlights its potential associations with cattle fertility.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: periparturient, NEB, NEFAs, muscle thickness, BCS, ultrasound
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2022 14:42
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:56
DOI: 10.3390/ani12141772
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3158207