Hydrogen Isotope Separation Using a Metal-Organic Cage Built from Macrocycles

He, Donglin ORCID: 0000-0002-5512-8162, Zhang, Linda, Liu, Tao, Clowes, Rob, Little, Marc A, Liu, Ming, Hirscher, Michael and Cooper, Andrew I ORCID: 0000-0003-0201-1021
(2022) Hydrogen Isotope Separation Using a Metal-Organic Cage Built from Macrocycles. ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 61 (32). e202202450-.

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Porous materials that contain ultrafine pore apertures can separate hydrogen isotopes via kinetic quantum sieving (KQS). However, it is challenging to design materials with suitably narrow pores for KQS that also show good adsorption capacities and operate at practical temperatures. Here, we investigate a metal-organic cage (MOC) assembled from organic macrocycles and Zn<sup>II</sup> ions that exhibits narrow windows (<3.0 Å). Two polymorphs, referred to as 2α and 2β, were observed. Both polymorphs exhibit D<sub>2</sub> /H<sub>2</sub> selectivity in the temperature range 30-100 K. At higher temperature (77 K), the D<sub>2</sub> adsorption capacity of 2β increases to about 2.7 times that of 2α, along with a reasonable D<sub>2</sub> /H<sub>2</sub> selectivity. Gas sorption analysis and thermal desorption spectroscopy suggest a gate-opening effect of the MOCs pore aperture. This promotes KQS at temperatures above liquid nitrogen temperature, indicating that MOCs hold promise for hydrogen isotope separation in real industrial environments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrogen Isotope Separation, Macrocycles, Metal-Organic Cages, Porous Materials, Self-Assembly
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2022 15:32
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:56
DOI: 10.1002/anie.202202450
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202202450
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3158307