Metabolic Fingerprint Analysis of Cytochrome <i>b</i><sub>5</sub>-producing <i>E. coli</i> N4830-1 Using FT-IR Spectroscopy

Tengsuttiwat, Thanyaporn, Kaderbhai, Naheed Nazly, Gallagher, Joe, Goodacre, Royston ORCID: 0000-0003-2230-645X and Muhamadali, Howbeer
(2022) Metabolic Fingerprint Analysis of Cytochrome <i>b</i><sub>5</sub>-producing <i>E. coli</i> N4830-1 Using FT-IR Spectroscopy. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY, 13. 874247-.

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Optimization of recombinant protein expression in bacteria is an important task in order to increase protein yield while maintaining the structural fidelity of the product. In this study, we employ Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy as a high throughput metabolic fingerprinting approach to optimize and monitor cytochrome <i>b</i> <sub>5</sub> (CYT <i>b</i> <sub>5</sub>) production in <i>Escherichia coli</i> N4830-1, as the heterologous host. Cyt b<sub>5</sub> was introduced as a plasmid with between 0 and 6 copies under a strong promoter. The FT-IR spectroscopy results combined with multivariate chemometric analysis illustrated discriminations among culture conditions as well as revealing features that correlated to the different <i>cytb</i> <sub>5</sub> gene copy numbers. The second derivative of the FT-IR spectral data allowed for the quantitative detection of Cyt b<sub>5</sub> directly inside the intact cells without the need for extraction, and highlighted changes in protein secondary structure that was directly correlated to the <i>cytb</i> <sub>5</sub> gene copy number and protein content, and was in complete agreement with quantitative findings of standard traditional techniques such as SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: FT-IR spectroscopy, metabolic fingerprint, recombinant protein production, cytochrome b(5), chemometrics
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2022 09:59
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2023 17:51
DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.874247
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