The integrin ligand SVEP1 regulates GPCR-mediated vasoconstriction via integrins α9β1 and α4β1

Morris, Gavin E, Denniff, Matthew J, Karamanavi, Elisavet, Andrews, Sarah A, Kostogrys, Renata B, Bountziouka, Vasiliki, Ghaderi-Najafabadi, Maryam, Shamkhi, Noor, McConnell, George, Kaiser, Michael A
et al (show 6 more authors) (2022) The integrin ligand SVEP1 regulates GPCR-mediated vasoconstriction via integrins α9β1 and α4β1. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 179 (21). pp. 4958-4973.

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<h4>Background and purpose</h4>Vascular tone is regulated by the relative contractile state of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Several integrins directly modulate VSMC contraction by regulating calcium influx through L-type voltage-gated Ca<sup>2+</sup> channels (VGCCs). Genetic variants in ITGA9, which encodes the α9 subunit of integrin α9β1, and SVEP1, a ligand for integrin α9β1, associate with elevated blood pressure; however, neither SVEP1 nor integrin α9β1 has reported roles in vasoregulation. We determined whether SVEP1 and integrin α9β1 can regulate VSMC contraction.<h4>Experimental approach</h4>SVEP1 and integrin binding were confirmed by immunoprecipitation and cell binding assays. Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived VSMCs were used in in vitro [Ca<sup>2+</sup> ]<sub>i</sub> studies, and aortas from a Svep1<sup>+/-</sup> knockout mouse model were used in wire myography to measure vessel contraction.<h4>Key results</h4>We confirmed the ligation of SVEP1 to integrin α9β1 and additionally found SVEP1 to directly bind to integrin α4β1. Inhibition of SVEP1, integrin α4β1 or α9β1 significantly enhanced [Ca<sup>2+</sup> ]<sub>i</sub> levels in isolated VSMCs to Gα<sub>q/11</sub> -vasoconstrictors. This response was confirmed in whole vessels where a greater contraction to U46619 was seen in vessels from Svep1<sup>+/-</sup> mice compared to littermate controls or when integrin α4β1 or α9β1 was inhibited. Inhibition studies suggested that this effect was mediated via VGCCs, PKC and Rho A/Rho kinase dependent mechanisms.<h4>Conclusions and implications</h4>Our studies reveal a novel role for SVEP1 and the integrins α4β1 and α9β1 in reducing VSMC contractility. This could provide an explanation for the genetic associations with blood pressure risk at the SVEP1 and ITGA9 loci.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: blood pressure, integrin alpha 4 beta 1, integrin alpha 9 beta 1, SVEP1, vasoconstriction
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2022 14:56
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2023 08:37
DOI: 10.1111/bph.15921
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