Metabolomics for the design of new metabolic engineering strategies for improving aerobic succinic acid production in <i>Escherichia coli</i>

Valle, Antonio, Soto, Zamira, Muhamadali, Howbeer, Hollywood, Katherine A, Xu, Yun ORCID: 0000-0003-3228-5111, Lloyd, Jonathan R, Goodacre, Royston ORCID: 0000-0003-2230-645X, Cantero, Domingo, Cabrera, Gema and Bolivar, Jorge
(2022) Metabolomics for the design of new metabolic engineering strategies for improving aerobic succinic acid production in <i>Escherichia coli</i>. METABOLOMICS, 18 (8). 56-.

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<h4>Introduction</h4>Glycerol is a byproduct from the biodiesel industry that can be biotransformed by Escherichia coli to high added-value products such as succinate under aerobic conditions. The main genetic engineering strategies to achieve this aim involve the mutation of succinate dehydrogenase (sdhA) gene and also those responsible for acetate synthesis including acetate kinase, phosphate acetyl transferase and pyruvate oxidase encoded by ackA, pta and pox genes respectively in the ΔsdhAΔack-ptaΔpox (M4) mutant. Other genetic manipulations to rewire the metabolism toward succinate consist on the activation of the glyoxylate shunt or blockage the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) by deletion of isocitrate lyase repressor (iclR) or gluconate dehydrogenase (gnd) genes on M4-ΔiclR and M4-Δgnd mutants respectively.<h4>Objective</h4>To deeply understand the effect of the blocking of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) or the activation of the glyoxylate shunt, metabolite profiles were analyzed on M4-Δgnd, M4-ΔiclR and M4 mutants.<h4>Methods</h4>Metabolomics was performed by FT-IR and GC-MS for metabolite fingerprinting and HPLC for quantification of succinate and glycerol.<h4>Results</h4>Most of the 65 identified metabolites showed lower relative levels in the M4-ΔiclR and M4-Δgnd mutants than those of the M4. However, fructose 1,6-biphosphate, trehalose, isovaleric acid and mannitol relative concentrations were increased in M4-ΔiclR and M4-Δgnd mutants. To further improve succinate production, the synthesis of mannitol was suppressed by deletion of mannitol dehydrogenase (mtlD) on M4-ΔgndΔmtlD mutant that increase ~ 20% respect to M4-Δgnd.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Metabolomics can serve as a holistic tool to identify bottlenecks in metabolic pathways by a non-rational design. Genetic manipulation to release these restrictions could increase the production of succinate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Escherichia coli, Metabolomics, Succinic acid, TCA cycle, GC-MS and mannitol dehydrogenase (MtlD)
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2022 13:15
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2023 09:00
DOI: 10.1007/s11306-022-01912-9
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