Outcomes and complications reported from a multiuser canine hip replacement registry over a ten-year period.

Allaith, Sumaya, Tucker, lydia, Innes, john, Arthurs, Gareth, Vezzoni, Aldo, Morrison, Shane, Onyett, Jeremy, Stork, Christophe, Witte, Philip, Denny, Hamish
et al (show 4 more authors) (2022) Outcomes and complications reported from a multiuser canine hip replacement registry over a ten-year period. Veterinary Surgery, 52 (2). pp. 196-208.

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<h4>Objective</h4>To report outcomes and complications associated with total hip replacements (THR) using a multiuser canine hip registry (CHR) and owner-administered questionnaire.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective longitudinal clinical study.<h4>Animals</h4>Dogs (n = 1852).<h4>Methods</h4>Total hip replacement cases submitted to a CHR were reviewed. An online questionnaire including an adapted "Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs" (LOAD) score was e-mailed to owners. Data were analyzed to determine associations between clinical variables and the agreement by veterinary surgeons and owners for complications.<h4>Results</h4>A group of 1329 (72%) dogs had unilateral THRs and another group of 523 (28%) dogs had bilateral THRs, resulting in 2375 THRs. Indications included hip dysplasia and osteoarthritis (n = 2028/2375, 85%). Implants were manufactured by Kyon (n = 1087, 46%), BioMedtrix CFX (n = 514, 22%), BioMedtrix hybrid (n = 264, 11%), BioMedtrix BFX (n = 221, 9%), and Helica (n = 107, 4.5%). Median veterinary surgeon and owner follow up were 1328 and 900 days respectively. Postoperative LOAD scores (21 ± 9) reported by 461 owners improved compared to preoperative scores (11 ± 9) (P < .001). Veterinary surgeons reported complications in 201/2375 (8.5%) THRs and owners in 107/461 (23%) THRs, with moderate agreement (weighted kappa = 0.44). No associations were identified between complications and weight, age, sex, or breed. BioMedtrix BFX and Helica implants were associated with increased complications (P = .031) when used for revisions of femoral head and neck excisions.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Excellent outcomes, including improved canine mobility, were reported after THRs. Complications were underreported by veterinary surgeons compared to owners in this first multiuser CHR.<h4>Clinical significance</h4>Canine THRs are safe, effective procedures but THR implants should be carefully selected when revising femoral head and neck excisions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Dogs, Osteoarthritis, Dog Diseases, Treatment Outcome, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, Registries, Prospective Studies, Hip Prosthesis
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2022 09:51
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2023 12:25
DOI: 10.1111/vsu.13885
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13885
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3162408