Prevalence and socio-economic determinants of inadequate dietary diversity among adolescent girls and boys in Bangladesh: findings from a nationwide cross-sectional survey.



Akter, Fahmida ORCID: 0000-0001-9294-265X, Hossain, Md Mokbul, Shamim, Abu Ahmed, Khan, Md Showkat Ali, Hasan, Mehedi ORCID: 0000-0002-3256-093X, Hanif, Abu Abdullah Mohammad ORCID: 0000-0001-6274-5612, Hossaine, Moyazzam, Urmy, Nushrat Jahan, Ullah, Mohammad Aman, Sarker, Samir Kanti
et al (show 4 more authors) (2021) Prevalence and socio-economic determinants of inadequate dietary diversity among adolescent girls and boys in Bangladesh: findings from a nationwide cross-sectional survey. Journal of nutritional science, 10. e103-.

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Abstract

Malnutrition among adolescents is often associated with inadequate dietary diversity (DD). We aimed to explore the prevalence of inadequate DD and its socio-economic determinants among adolescent girls and boys in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional survey was conducted during the 2018-19 round of national nutrition surveillance in Bangladesh. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify the determinants of inadequate DD among adolescent girls and boys separately. This population-based survey covered eighty-two rural, non-slum urban and slum clusters from all divisions of Bangladesh. A total of 4865 adolescent girls and 4907 adolescent boys were interviewed. The overall prevalence of inadequate DD was higher among girls (55⋅4 %) than the boys (50⋅6 %). Moreover, compared to boys, the prevalence of inadequate DD was higher among the girls for almost all socio-economic categories. Poor educational attainment, poor maternal education, female-headed household, household food insecurity and poor household wealth were associated with increased chances of having inadequate DD in both sexes. In conclusion, more than half of the Bangladeshi adolescent girls and boys consumed an inadequately diversified diet. The socio-economic determinants of inadequate DD should be addressed through context-specific multisectoral interventions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Diet, Prevalence, Cross-Sectional Studies, Adolescent, Educational Status, Bangladesh, Female, Male
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2022 08:41
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:45
DOI: 10.1017/jns.2021.89
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3163988