Pubertal timing and functional neurodevelopmental alterations independently mediate the effect of family conflict on adolescent psychopathology

Petrican, Raluca ORCID: 0000-0002-1363-5553, Miles, Sian, Rudd, Lily, Wasiewska, Wiktoria, Graham, Kim S and Lawrence, Andrew D
(2021) Pubertal timing and functional neurodevelopmental alterations independently mediate the effect of family conflict on adolescent psychopathology. DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, 52. 101032-.

[img] PDF
Petrican_DCN_2021.pdf - Published version

Download (5MB) | Preview


This study tested the hypothesis that early life adversity (ELA) heightens psychopathology risk by concurrently altering pubertal and neurodevelopmental timing, and associated gene transcription signatures. Analyses focused on threat- (family conflict/neighbourhood crime) and deprivation-related ELAs (parental inattentiveness/unmet material needs), using longitudinal data from 1514 biologically unrelated youths in the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) study. Typical developmental changes in white matter microstructure corresponded to widespread BOLD signal variability (BOLD<sub>sv)</sub> increases (linked to cell communication and biosynthesis genes) and region-specific task-related BOLD<sub>sv</sub> increases/decreases (linked to signal transduction, immune and external environmental response genes). Increasing resting-state (RS), but decreasing task-related BOLD<sub>sv</sub> predicted normative functional network segregation. Family conflict was the strongest concurrent and prospective contributor to psychopathology, while material deprivation constituted an additive risk factor. ELA-linked psychopathology was predicted by higher Time 1 threat-evoked BOLD<sub>SV</sub> (associated with axonal development, myelination, cell differentiation and signal transduction genes), reduced Time 2 RS BOLD<sub>sv</sub> (associated with cell metabolism and attention genes) and greater Time 1 to Time 2 control/attention network segregation. Earlier pubertal timing and neurodevelopmental alterations independently mediated ELA effects on psychopathology. Our results underscore the differential roles of the immediate and wider external environment(s) in concurrent and longer-term ELA consequences.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neurodevelopment, Early life adversity, BOLD variability, Structure-function coupling, Functional brain networks, Externalizing problems, Transcriptomics
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2022 08:22
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2023 10:16
DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2021.101032
Related URLs: