Preventing Recurrent Cardioembolic Stroke: Right Approach, Right Patient (PRECISE) Study Protocol



Cameron, Alan CC, Katsas, Georgios, Arnold, Markus, Docherty, Kieran, Campbell, Ross TT, Murdoch, David, McClure, John DD, Katan, Mira, Lip, Gregory YH ORCID: 0000-0002-7566-1626, Abdul-Rahim, Azmil HH ORCID: 0000-0002-1318-4027
et al (show 1 more authors) (2022) Preventing Recurrent Cardioembolic Stroke: Right Approach, Right Patient (PRECISE) Study Protocol. CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES. pp. 1-7.

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Abstract

Cardiac rhythm monitoring is performed to search for atrial fibrillation (AF) after ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA). Prolonged cardiac rhythm monitoring increases AF detection but is challenging to implement in many healthcare settings and is not needed for all people after ischaemic stroke/TIA. We aimed to develop and validate a model that includes clinical, electrocardiogram (ECG), blood-based, and genetic biomarkers to identify people with a low probability of AF detection after ischaemic stroke or TIA. We will recruit 675 consenting participants who are aged over 18 years, who were admitted with ischaemic stroke or TIA in the 5 days prior, who are not known to have AF, and who would be suitable for anticoagulation if AF is found. We will collect baseline demographic and clinical data, a 12-lead ECG, and a venous blood sample for blood biomarkers (including midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide, MRproANP) and genetic data. We will perform up to 28 days of cardiac rhythm monitoring using an R-test or patch device to search for AF in all participants. The sample size of 675 participants is based on true sensitivity of 92.5%, null hypothesis sensitivity of 80%, 80% power, and 5% significance. The primary outcome is AF detection ≥30 s duration during 28 days of cardiac rhythm monitoring. Secondary outcomes are AF detection at 1-year, recurrent cardiovascular events, and mortality and will be identified by electronic linkage and telephone follow-up. The results will guide the development of a more personalized care pathway to search for AF after ischaemic stroke or TIA. This could help to reduce cardiac rhythm monitoring for people with a low probability of AF detection and allow more intensive cardiac monitoring to be focused on people who are more likely to have AF and benefit. Participants will be consented for their data to be used in future research studies, providing a rich resource for stroke and cardiovascular research communities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, Ischaemic stroke, Cardiac rhythm monitoring, Biomarker
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2022 13:42
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 19:49
DOI: 10.1159/000525918
Open Access URL: https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/525918
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3165790