Risk prediction of clinical adverse outcomes with machine learning in a cohort of critically ill patients with atrial fibrillation



Falsetti, Lorenzo, Rucco, Matteo, Proietti, Marco ORCID: 0000-0003-1452-2478, Viticchi, Giovanna, Zaccone, Vincenzo, Scarponi, Mattia, Giovenali, Laura, Moroncini, Gianluca, Nitti, Cinzia and Salvi, Aldo
(2021) Risk prediction of clinical adverse outcomes with machine learning in a cohort of critically ill patients with atrial fibrillation. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 11 (1). 18925-.

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Abstract

Critically ill patients affected by atrial fibrillation are at high risk of adverse events: however, the actual risk stratification models for haemorrhagic and thrombotic events are not validated in a critical care setting. With this paper we aimed to identify, adopting topological data analysis, the risk factors for therapeutic failure (in-hospital death or intensive care unit transfer), the in-hospital occurrence of stroke/TIA and major bleeding in a cohort of critically ill patients with pre-existing atrial fibrillation admitted to a stepdown unit; to engineer newer prediction models based on machine learning in the same cohort. We selected all medical patients admitted for critical illness and a history of pre-existing atrial fibrillation in the timeframe 01/01/2002-03/08/2007. All data regarding patients' medical history, comorbidities, drugs adopted, vital parameters and outcomes (therapeutic failure, stroke/TIA and major bleeding) were acquired from electronic medical records. Risk factors for each outcome were analyzed adopting topological data analysis. Machine learning was used to generate three different predictive models. We were able to identify specific risk factors and to engineer dedicated clinical prediction models for therapeutic failure (AUC: 0.974, 95%CI: 0.934-0.975), stroke/TIA (AUC: 0.931, 95%CI: 0.896-0.940; Brier score: 0.13) and major bleeding (AUC: 0.930:0.911-0.939; Brier score: 0.09) in critically-ill patients, which were able to predict accurately their respective clinical outcomes. Topological data analysis and machine learning techniques represent a concrete viewpoint for the physician to predict the risk at the patients' level, aiding the selection of the best therapeutic strategy in critically ill patients affected by pre-existing atrial fibrillation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Atrial Fibrillation, Critical Illness, Female, Hemorrhage, Hospital Mortality, Humans, Intensive Care Units, Ischemic Attack, Transient, Machine Learning, Male, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Stroke, Treatment Failure
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 15:28
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 15:28
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-97218-2
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3165895