Observation of the proton emitter $${}_{\,57}^{116}$$La59

Zhang, Wei, Cederwall, Bo, Aktas, Özge, Liu, Xiaoyu, Ertoprak, Aysegül, Nyberg, Ayse, Auranen, Kalle, Alayed, Betool, Badran, Hussam, Boston, Helen
et al (show 26 more authors) (2022) Observation of the proton emitter $${}_{\,57}^{116}$$La59. Communications Physics, 5 (1).

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>The quantum tunneling and emission of a single constituent nucleon provide a beautifully simple and unique window into the complex properties of atomic nuclei at the extreme edge of nuclear existence. In particular, for odd-odd proton emitting nuclides, the associated decay energy and partial half-life can be used to probe the correlations between the valence neutrons and protons which have been theoretically predicted to favour a new type of nuclear superfluidity, isoscalar neutron-proton pairing, for which the experimental “smoking gun" remains elusive. In the present work, proton emission from the lanthanum isotope <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$${}_{\,57}^{116}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow /> <mml:mrow> <mml:mspace /> <mml:mn>57</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>116</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>La<jats:sub>59</jats:sub>, 23 neutrons away from the only stable isotope <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$${}_{\,57}^{139}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow /> <mml:mrow> <mml:mspace /> <mml:mn>57</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>139</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>La<jats:sub>82</jats:sub>, is reported. <jats:sup>116</jats:sup>La nuclei were synthesised in the fusion-evaporation reaction <jats:sup>58</jats:sup>Ni(<jats:sup>64</jats:sup>Zn, <jats:italic>p</jats:italic>5<jats:italic>n</jats:italic>)<jats:sup>116</jats:sup>La and identified via their proton radioactivity using the mass spectrometer MARA (Mass Analysing Recoil Apparatus) and the silicon detectors placed at its focal plane. Comparisons of the measured proton energy (<jats:italic>E</jats:italic><jats:sub><jats:italic>p</jats:italic></jats:sub> = 718 ± 9 keV) and half-life (<jats:italic>T</jats:italic><jats:sub>1/2</jats:sub> = 50 ± 22 ms) with values calculated using the Universal Decay Law approach indicate that the proton is emitted with an orbital angular momentum <jats:italic>l</jats:italic> = 2 and that its emission probability is enhanced relative to its closest, less exotic, odd-even lanthanum isotope (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$${}_{\,57}^{117}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msubsup> <mml:mrow /> <mml:mrow> <mml:mspace /> <mml:mn>57</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> <mml:mrow> <mml:mn>117</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:msubsup> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>La<jats:sub>60</jats:sub>) while the proton-emission <jats:italic>Q</jats:italic>-value is lower. We propose this to be a possible signature for the presence of strong neutron-proton pair correlations in this exotic, neutron deficient system. The observations of <jats:italic>γ</jats:italic> decays from isomeric states in <jats:sup>116</jats:sup>La and <jats:sup>117</jats:sup>La are also reported.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2022 09:43
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 19:43
DOI: 10.1038/s42005-022-01069-w
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3166407