Living with a left ventricular assist device: Capturing recipients experiences using group concept mapping software

Slade, Anita, O'Hara, Margaret, Quinn, David, Marley, Laura, Griffith, Stephen, Calvert, Melanie, Haque, M Sayeed A, Lim, Hoong Sern, Doherty, Philippa and Lane, Deirdre ORCID: 0000-0002-5604-9378
(2022) Living with a left ventricular assist device: Capturing recipients experiences using group concept mapping software. PLOS ONE, 17 (9). e0273108-.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


<h4>Background</h4>Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation significantly impacts on a recipient's symptoms and quality of life. Capturing their experiences and post implant journey is an important part of clinical practice, research and device design evolution. Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are a useful tool for capturing that experience. However, patient reported outcome measures need to reflect recipients' experiences. Discussions with a patient partner group found that none of the frequently used cardiology PROMs captured their unique experiences.<h4>Aims</h4>To capture the experiences and important issues for LVAD recipients. Develop a conceptual map of domains and items that should be reflected in patient reported outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>Group concept mapping (GCM) web-based software was used to remotely capture and structure recipients' experiences across a wide geographical area. GCM is a semi-quantitative mixed method consisting of 3 stages: item generation, item sorting and rating (importance, relevance and frequency). Patient partners were involved in all aspects of the study design and development.<h4>Results</h4>18 LVAD recipients consented to take part. 101 statements were generated and multi-dimensional scaling, and hierarchical cluster analysis identified 9 clusters. Cluster themes included: Activities, Partner/family support, Travel, Mental wellbeing, Equipment and clothing, Physical and cognitive limitations, LVAD Restrictions, LVAD Challenges and positive impact of the LVAD (LVAD Positives). LVAD Positives were scored highest across all the rating variables, e.g., frequency (2.85), relevance (2.44) and importance (2.21). Other domains rated high for importance included physical and cognitive limitations (2.19), LVAD restrictions (2.11), Partner/family support (2.02), and Equipment and clothing (2.01).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Online GCM software facilitated the inclusion of geographically dispersed recipients and provided useful insights into the experiences of LVAD recipients. The conceptual framework identifies important domains and items that should be prioritised and included in patient reported outcomes in future research, LVAD design evolution, and clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Treatment Outcome, Heart-Assist Devices, Quality of Life, Software, Heart Failure, Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2023 09:29
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2023 02:03
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0273108
Open Access URL:
Related URLs: