Outcomes in intervention research on snakebite envenomation: a systematic review.



Bhaumik, Soumyadeep ORCID: 0000-0001-9579-4453, Beri, Deepti, Tyagi, Jyoti ORCID: 0000-0002-2882-7080, Clarke, Mike ORCID: 0000-0002-2926-7257, Sharma, Sanjib Kumar, Williamson, Paula R ORCID: 0000-0001-9802-6636 and Jagnoor, Jagnoor
(2022) Outcomes in intervention research on snakebite envenomation: a systematic review. F1000Research, 11. 628-.

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Abstract

<h4>Introduction</h4>A core outcome set (COS) is a minimal list of consensus outcomes that should be used in all intervention research in a specific domain. COS enhance the ability to undertake meaningful comparisons and to understand the benefits or harms of different treatments. A first step in developing a COS is to identify outcomes that have been used previously. We did this global systematic review to provide the foundation for development of a region-specific COS for snakebite envenomation.  Methods: We searched 15 electronic databases, eight trial registries, and reference lists of included studies to identify reports of relevant trials, protocols, registry records and systematic reviews. We extracted verbatim data on outcomes, their definitions, measures, and time-points. Outcomes were classified as per an existing outcome taxonomy, and we identified unique outcomes based on similarities in the definition and measurement of the verbatim outcomes.<h4>Results</h4>We included 107 records for 97 studies which met our inclusion criteria. These reported 538 outcomes, with a wide variety of outcome measures, definitions, and time points for measurement. We consolidated these into 88 unique outcomes, which we classified into core areas of mortality (1, 1.14 %), life impact (6, 6.82%), resource use (15, 17.05%), adverse events (7, 7.95%), physiological/clinical (51, 57.95%), and composite (8, 9.09%) outcomes. The types of outcomes varied by the type of intervention, and by geographic region. Only 15 of the 97 trials (17.04%) listed Patient Related Outcome Measures (PROMS).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Trials evaluating interventions for snakebite demonstrate heterogeneity on outcomes and often omit important information related to outcome measurement (definitions, instruments, and time points). Developing high quality, region-specific COS for snakebite could inform the design of future trials and improve outcome reporting. Measurement of PROMS, resource use and life impact outcomes in trials on snakebite remains a gap.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Snake Bites, Registries, Databases, Factual
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2023 15:37
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2023 15:37
DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.122116.1
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3167866