Exploring the role of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system in delivering environmental sustainability within the textile industry of Bangladesh

Hossain, Dipita
(2023) Exploring the role of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system in delivering environmental sustainability within the textile industry of Bangladesh. PhD thesis, University of Liverpool.

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The textile industry is one of the fastest growing industries around the globe. It occupies a prominent position in the economy of Bangladesh through its significant share of workforce and establishments within the manufacturing sector of the country. Although, for a developing country like Bangladesh, such rapid industrial growth often comes at the price of environmental degradation. A comprehensive research on role of EIA in addressing the environmental sustainability for this key industry in Bangladesh is long due . This study aims in doing so by evaluating the system requirements of EIA for textile industry and its practice at pre and post decision stage. The author has performed extensive literature review on the subject matter for developing the framework of analysis for this research, document analysis on EISs from textile units of the country, face to face interview with the stakeholders and visited case study textile units to understand their post decision performance. The evaluation identified deficiencies within the EIA system requirements for textile industry in Bangladesh. The practice appeared even poorer. Therefore, the major recommendations by author include reforming existing legislation; strengthening administrative arrangements; incorporating sectoral considerations within key components of the EIA system (e.g., guideline on EIA methodology, contents of EIS, EIS review, implementation monitoring); promoting transparency, accountability and quality control by establishing legal status of the stages of EIA and public involvement, measurers promised in EIS and provision of accreditation for EIA consultants, This research can simultaneously contribute to academia, policy making and EIA practice. First, the framework of analysis can be adopted for other comprehensive sectoral EIA studies. Then, the EIS review package can be readily used by Department of Environment (DoE), Bangladesh to review EIA reports from textile industry. Information in this research can also prove helpful to the policy makers while enhancing and reforming the institutional requirements for the EIA system focussing on key sectors like textile. The researcher also understands that there is a scope to extend such study to the informal textile units of this country. However, limited data on that segment of textile industry in Bangladesh might make such research challenging.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: EIA, Bangladesh, EIA for Textile Industry
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2023 11:27
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2023 11:27
DOI: 10.17638/03167939
  • Jha Thakur, Urmila
  • Fischer, Thomas
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3167939