Association between maternal breastmilk microbiota composition and rotavirus vaccine response in African, Asian, and European infants: a prospective cohort study



Mandolo, Jonathan ORCID: 0000-0003-0143-7469, Parker, Edward PK ORCID: 0000-0001-5847-109X, Bronowski, Christina, Sindhu, Kulandaipalayam Natarajan C, Darby, Alistair C, Cunliffe, Nigel A, Kang, Gagandeep ORCID: 0000-0002-3656-564X, Iturriza-Gómara, Miren, Kamng’ona, Arox W and Jere, Khuzwayo C ORCID: 0000-0003-3376-8529
(2022) Association between maternal breastmilk microbiota composition and rotavirus vaccine response in African, Asian, and European infants: a prospective cohort study. [Preprint]

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.

Abstract

<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title><jats:sec><jats:title>Background</jats:title><jats:p>Maternal breastmilk is a source of pre- and pro-biotics that impact neonatal gut microbiota colonisation. Since oral rotavirus vaccines (ORVs) are administered at a time when infants are often breastfed, breastmilk microbiota composition may have a direct or indirect influence on vaccine take and immunogenicity.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Methods</jats:title><jats:p>Using standardised methods across sites, we compared breastmilk microbiota composition in relation to geographic location and ORV response in cohorts prospectively followed up from birth to 18 weeks of age in India (<jats:italic>n</jats:italic>= 307), Malawi (<jats:italic>n</jats:italic>= 119), and the UK (<jats:italic>n</jats:italic>= 60).</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Results</jats:title><jats:p>Breastmilk microbiota diversity was higher in India and Malawi than the UK across three longitudinal samples spanning weeks of life 1 to 13. Dominant taxa such as<jats:italic>Streptococcus</jats:italic>and<jats:italic>Staphylococcus</jats:italic>were consistent across cohorts; however, significant geographic differences were observed in the prevalence and abundance of common and rare genera throughout follow-up. No significant associations were identified between breastmilk microbiota composition and ORV outcomes including seroconversion, post-dose 1 vaccine shedding, and/or post-vaccination rotavirus-specific IgA level.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title><jats:p>Our findings suggest that breastmilk microbiota composition may not be a key factor in shaping trends in ORV response within or between countries.</jats:p></jats:sec>

Item Type: Preprint
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3107 Microbiology, 31 Biological Sciences, 32 Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Immunization, Vaccine Related, Microbiome, Clinical Research, Women's Health, Pediatric, Breastfeeding, Lactation and Breast Milk, Infectious Diseases, Prevention, Infection, 3 Good Health and Well Being
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2023 10:31
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 16:57
DOI: 10.1101/2022.11.09.22282115
Open Access URL: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.11.09...
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3168054