Multiple random walks on graphs: Mixing few to cover many

Rivera, N, Sauerwald, T and Sylvester, J ORCID: 0000-0002-6543-2934
(2021) Multiple random walks on graphs: Mixing few to cover many. In: 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021).

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


Random walks on graphs are an essential primitive for many randomised algorithms and stochastic processes. It is natural to ask how much can be gained by running k multiple random walks independently and in parallel. Although the cover time of multiple walks has been investigated for many natural networks, the problem of finding a general characterisation of multiple cover times for worst-case start vertices (posed by Alon, Avin, Koucký, Kozma, Lotker, and Tuttle in 2008) remains an open problem. First, we improve and tighten various bounds on the stationary cover time when k random walks start from vertices sampled from the stationary distribution. For example, we prove an unconditional lower bound of Ω((n/k) log n) on the stationary cover time, holding for any n-vertex graph G and any 1 ≤ k = o(n log n). Secondly, we establish the stationary cover times of multiple walks on several fundamental networks up to constant factors. Thirdly, we present a framework characterising worst-case cover times in terms of stationary cover times and a novel, relaxed notion of mixing time for multiple walks called the partial mixing time. Roughly speaking, the partial mixing time only requires a specific portion of all random walks to be mixed. Using these new concepts, we can establish (or recover) the worst-case cover times for many networks including expanders, preferential attachment graphs, grids, binary trees and hypercubes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2023 10:43
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 01:34
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.107
Open Access URL: