Bird tolerance to humans in open tropical ecosystems

Mikula, Peter, Tomášek, Oldřich, Romportl, Dušan, Aikins, Timothy K, Avendaño, Jorge E, Braimoh-Azaki, Bukola DA, Chaskda, Adams, Cresswell, Will, Cunningham, Susan J, Dale, Svein
et al (show 37 more authors) (2023) Bird tolerance to humans in open tropical ecosystems. Nature Communications, 14 (1). 2146-.

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Animal tolerance towards humans can be a key factor facilitating wildlife–human coexistence, yet traits predicting its direction and magnitude across tropical animals are poorly known. Using 10,249 observations for 842 bird species inhabiting open tropical ecosystems in Africa, South America, and Australia, we find that avian tolerance towards humans was lower (i.e., escape distance was longer) in rural rather than urban populations and in populations exposed to lower human disturbance (measured as human footprint index). In addition, larger species and species with larger clutches and enhanced flight ability are less tolerant to human approaches and escape distances increase when birds were approached during the wet season compared to the dry season and from longer starting distances. Identification of key factors affecting animal tolerance towards humans across large spatial and taxonomic scales may help us to better understand and predict the patterns of species distributions in the Anthropocene.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Animals, Wild, Birds, Humans, Behavior, Animal, Ecosystem, Tropical Climate, Rural Population, Urban Population, Africa, South America, Australia, Human-Animal Interaction
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2023 07:41
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2023 03:19
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-023-37936-5
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