Prevalence of Human and Animal Fasciolosis in Butajira and Gilgel Gibe Health Demographic Surveillance System Sites in Ethiopia.

Abaya, Samson Wakuma, Mereta, Seid Tiku, Tulu, Fikirte Demissie, Mekonnen, Zeleke, Ayana, Mio, Girma, Musse, Vineer, Hannah Rose, Mor, Siobhan M ORCID: 0000-0003-0121-2016, Caminade, Cyril ORCID: 0000-0002-3846-7082 and Graham-Brown, John ORCID: 0000-0001-7305-5262
(2023) Prevalence of Human and Animal Fasciolosis in Butajira and Gilgel Gibe Health Demographic Surveillance System Sites in Ethiopia. Tropical medicine and infectious disease, 8 (4). p. 208.

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Fasciolosis is regarded as a major challenge to livestock productivity worldwide, but the burden of disease in humans has only started to receive some attention in the past three decades. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of human and animal fasciolosis and its determinant factors in the Gilgel Gibe and Butajira Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) sites in Ethiopia. A study was undertaken among 389 households across the two sites. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices of households with regard to fasciolosis. Stools from 377 children aged 7-15 years, and 775 animals (cattle, goats and sheep) were analyzed using a proprietary <i>Fasciola hepatica</i> (<i>F. hepatica</i>) coproantigen ELISA kit. The prevalence of fasciolosis in children was 0.5% and 1% in Butajira and Gilgel Gibe HDSS sites, respectively. The overall prevalence of animal fasciolosis was 29%, 29.2%, and 6% among cattle, sheep, and goats, respectively. More than half of the respondents from Gilgel Gibe (59%, n = 115) did not know that humans can be infected with <i>F. hepatica</i>. The majority of respondents in Gilgel Gibe (n = 124, 64%) and Butajira (n = 95, 50%) did not know the transmission route for fasciolosis. Grazing animals were 7 times more likely to be infected with fasciolosis than animals in cut-and-carry production systems (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 7.2; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.91-13.17). The findings indicated a lack of knowledge amongst local populations about fasciolosis. Thus, there is a need for public health awareness campaigns about fasciolosis in the study areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fasciolosis, Bio-X diagnostics, Health and Demographic Surveillance System, liver fluke, Fasciola hepatica
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 May 2023 08:53
Last Modified: 17 May 2023 23:20
DOI: 10.3390/tropicalmed8040208
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