Sentinel responses of Arctic freshwater systems to climate: linkages, evidence, and a roadmap for future research

Saros, Jasmine E, Arp, Christopher D, Bouchard, Frederic, Comte, Jerome, Couture, Raoul-Marie, Dean, Joshua F ORCID: 0000-0001-9058-7076, Lafreniere, Melissa, MacIntyre, Sally, McGowan, Suzanne, Rautio, Milla
et al (show 18 more authors) (2023) Sentinel responses of Arctic freshwater systems to climate: linkages, evidence, and a roadmap for future research. ARCTIC SCIENCE, 9 (2). pp. 356-392.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


<jats:p> While the sentinel nature of freshwater systems is now well recognized, widespread integration of freshwater processes and patterns into our understanding of broader climate-driven Arctic terrestrial ecosystem change has been slow. We review the current understanding across Arctic freshwater systems of key sentinel responses to climate, which are attributes of these systems with demonstrated and sensitive responses to climate forcing. These include ice regimes, temperature and thermal structure, river baseflow, lake area and water level, permafrost-derived dissolved ions and nutrients, carbon mobilization (dissolved organic carbon, greenhouse gases, and radiocarbon), dissolved oxygen concentrations, lake trophic state, various aquatic organisms and their traits, and invasive species. For each sentinel, our objectives are to clarify linkages to climate, describe key insights already gained, and provide suggestions for future research based on current knowledge gaps. We suggest that tracking key responses in Arctic freshwater systems will expand understanding of the breadth and depth of climate-driven Arctic ecosystem changes, provide early indicators of looming, broader changes across the landscape, and improve protection of freshwater biodiversity and resources. </jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change, climate indicators, Arctic lakes, Arctic rivers, polar limnology
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 May 2023 14:37
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2023 22:52
DOI: 10.1139/AS-2022-0021
Open Access URL:
Related URLs: