Learning Dynamic Contextualised Word Embeddings via Template-based Temporal Adaptation

Tang, Xiaohang, Zhou, Yi and Bollegala, Danushka ORCID: 0000-0003-4476-7003
(2023) Learning Dynamic Contextualised Word Embeddings via Template-based Temporal Adaptation. In: Proceedings of the 61st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers), 2023-7 - 2023-7, Toronto, Canada.

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Dynamic contextualised word embeddings (DCWEs) represent the temporal semantic variations of words. We propose a method for learning DCWEs by time-adapting a pretrained Masked Language Model (MLM) using time-sensitive templates. Given two snapshots C1 and C2 of a corpus taken respectively at two distinct timestamps T1 and T2, we first propose an unsupervised method to select (a) pivot terms related to both C1 and C2, and (b) anchor terms that are associated with a specific pivot term in each individual snapshot. We then generate prompts by filling manually compiled templates using the extracted pivot and anchor terms. Moreover, we propose an automatic method to learn time-sensitive templates from C1 and C2, without requiring any human supervision. Next, we use the generated prompts to adapt a pretrained MLM to T2 by fine-tuning using those prompts. Multiple experiments show that our proposed method reduces the perplexity of test sentences in C2, outperforming the current state-of-the-art.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 May 2023 07:31
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2024 21:29
DOI: 10.18653/v1/2023.acl-long.520
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3170630