Developing a Reactivity-Equivalent Physical Transformation to Simulate an Axially Heterogeneous Boiling Water Reactor

Mossop, Robert, Merk, Bruno, Patel, Maulik ORCID: 0000-0002-3214-5752, Hino, Tetsushi and Peakman, Aiden ORCID: 0000-0002-1109-4781
(2023) Developing a Reactivity-Equivalent Physical Transformation to Simulate an Axially Heterogeneous Boiling Water Reactor. ENERGIES, 16 (8). p. 3359.

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<jats:p>Hitachi is advancing their designs for a conceptual reactor called the resource-renewable boiling water reactor (RBWR), a concept reactor similar to the advanced boiling water reactor with a harder neutron spectrum. This design aims to minimise construction costs and waste production as well as to utilise separated plutonium and minor actinide fuel. However, the axial heterogeneity of the design poses calculation difficulties. The aim of this work is to use a known method, reactivity-equivalent physical transformation (RPT), for calculating fuel with double heterogeneity and apply it to a BWR-type fuel pin. This could reduce the calculation time needed for optimisation of the design of the RBWR. The objective of the study is to use SCALE 6.2 to produce an equivalent axial pin model by comparison with the burnup and neutron spectra of a radial model of the fuel. This model can then be used for 2D burnup calculations, and in future work will be used for the generation of two-group and multigroup cross-sections for further deterministic calculations as part of a two-step approach for analysis of the RBWR. The RPT method has been extensively tested on spherical fuel, and SCALE is a standard industry code. The initial radial model is a hexagonal assembly with 20% enriched UO2 fuel in a zircaloy cladding, surrounded by light water moderator. The derived axial model has a water density distribution taken from Hitachi’s RBWR designs. Criticality over 70 GWd/tU burnup is estimated using the model. The application of the RPT to the BWR pin was shown to be possible, but to have limitations with the introduction of additional radial complexity. For a single pin, excellent agreement between the radial and axial models could be found across a range of water densities, but in the case of an assembly level calculation distinct equivalence models were required for each water density. In addition, the produced RPT model is validated using SCALE’s 3D Monte Carlo module, KENO.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: axial heterogeneity, deterministic, RBWR, waste burner
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2023 08:42
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 05:53
DOI: 10.3390/en16083359
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