Solution Structures of Anionic-Amphoteric Surfactant Mixtures near the Two-Phase Region at Fixed pH

Tyagi, Gunjan, Sharratt, William N ORCID: 0000-0003-2148-8423, Erikson, Sofia, Seddon, Dale, Robles, Eric SJ and Cabral, Joao T
(2022) Solution Structures of Anionic-Amphoteric Surfactant Mixtures near the Two-Phase Region at Fixed pH. LANGMUIR, 38 (23). pp. 7198-7207.

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We examine the solution structures in a mixed surfactant system of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and <i>N</i>,<i>N</i>-dimethyldodecylamine <i>N</i>-oxide (DDAO) in water, on both sides of the two-phase boundary, employing dynamic light scattering, small-angle neutron scattering, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The precipitate phase boundary was accessed by lowering pH to 8, from its floating pH 9.5 value, and was experimentally approached from the monomeric and micellar regions in three ways: at fixed DDAO or SDS concentrations and at a fixed (70:30) SDS:DDAO molar ratio. We characterize the size, shape, and interactions of micelles, which elongate approaching the boundary, leading to the formation of disk-like aggregates within the biphasic region, coexisting with micelles and monomers. Our data, from both monomeric and micellar solutions, indicate that the two phase structures formed are largely pathway-independent, with dimensions influenced by both pH and mixed surfactant composition. Precipitation occurs at intermediate stoichiometries with a similar SDS:DDAO ratio, whereas asymmetric stoichiometries form a re-entrant transition, returning to the mixed micelle phase. Overall, our findings demonstrate the effect of stoichiometry and solution pH on the synergistic interaction of mixed surfactants and their impact on phase equilibrium and associated micellar and two-phase structures.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2023 11:41
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2023 11:41
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.2c00527
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