Measurement of the t(t)over-bar production cross-section in pp collisions at √s=5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector



Aad, G, Abbott, B, Abbott, DC, Abeling, K, Abidi, SH, Aboulhorma, A, Abramowicz, H, Abreu, H, Abulaiti, Y, Abusleme Hoffman, AC
et al (show 2889 more authors) (2023) Measurement of the t(t)over-bar production cross-section in pp collisions at √s=5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector. JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS, 2023 (6).

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Abstract

<jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>The inclusive top-quark pair (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ t\overline{t} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) production cross-section <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ {\sigma}_{t\overline{t}} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>σ</mml:mi> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:mrow> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> is measured in proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 5<jats:italic>.</jats:italic>02 TeV, using 257 pb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> of data collected in 2017 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ t\overline{t} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> cross-section is measured in both the dilepton and single-lepton final states of the <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ t\overline{t} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> system and then combined. The combination of the two measurements yields<jats:disp-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ {\sigma}_{t\overline{t}}=67.5\pm 0.9\left(\textrm{stat}.\right)\pm 2.3\left(\textrm{syst}.\right)\pm 1.1\left(\textrm{lumi}.\right)\pm 0.2\left(\textrm{beam}\right)\textrm{pb}, $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>σ</mml:mi> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:mrow> </mml:msub> <mml:mo>=</mml:mo> <mml:mn>67.5</mml:mn> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> <mml:mn>0.9</mml:mn> <mml:mfenced> <mml:mrow> <mml:mtext>stat</mml:mtext> <mml:mo>.</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:mfenced> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> <mml:mn>2.3</mml:mn> <mml:mfenced> <mml:mrow> <mml:mtext>syst</mml:mtext> <mml:mo>.</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:mfenced> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> <mml:mn>1.1</mml:mn> <mml:mfenced> <mml:mrow> <mml:mtext>lumi</mml:mtext> <mml:mo>.</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:mfenced> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> <mml:mn>0.2</mml:mn> <mml:mfenced> <mml:mtext>beam</mml:mtext> </mml:mfenced> <mml:mi>pb</mml:mi> <mml:mo>,</mml:mo> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:disp-formula></jats:p><jats:p>where the four uncertainties reflect the limited size of the data sample, experimental and theoretical systematic effects, and imperfect knowledge of both the integrated luminosity and the LHC beam energy, giving a total uncertainty of 3.9%. The result is in agreement with theoretical quantum chromodynamic calculations at next-to-next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant, including the resummation of next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic soft-gluon terms, and constrains the parton distribution functions of the proton at large Bjorken-<jats:italic>x</jats:italic>.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hadron-Hadron Scattering, Top Physics
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2023 14:27
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 23:19
DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2023)138
Open Access URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/JHEP06(2...
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3171904