Machine Learning Predicting Atrial Fibrillation as an Adverse Event in the Warfarin and Aspirin in Reduced Cardiac Ejection Fraction (WARCEF) Trial.

Gue, Ying ORCID: 0000-0001-9994-8915, Correa, Elon, Thompson, John LP, Homma, Shunichi, Qian, Min and Lip, Gregory YH ORCID: 0000-0002-7566-1626
(2023) Machine Learning Predicting Atrial Fibrillation as an Adverse Event in the Warfarin and Aspirin in Reduced Cardiac Ejection Fraction (WARCEF) Trial. The American journal of medicine, 136 (11). 1099-1108.e2.

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<h4>Background</h4>Atrial fibrillation and heart failure commonly coexist due to shared pathophysiological mechanisms. Prompt identification of patients with heart failure at risk of developing atrial fibrillation would allow clinicians the opportunity to implement appropriate monitoring strategy and timely treatment, reducing the impact of atrial fibrillation on patients' health.<h4>Methods</h4>Four machine learning models combined with logistic regression and cluster analysis were applied post hoc to patient-level data from the Warfarin and Aspirin in Patients with Heart Failure and Sinus Rhythm (WARCEF) trial to identify factors that predict development of atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure.<h4>Results</h4>Logistic regression showed that White divorced patients have a 1.75-fold higher risk of atrial fibrillation than White patients reporting other marital statuses. By contrast, similar analysis suggests that non-White patients who live alone have a 2.58-fold higher risk than those not living alone. Machine learning analysis also identified "marital status" and "live alone" as relevant predictors of atrial fibrillation. Apart from previously well-recognized factors, the machine learning algorithms and cluster analysis identified 2 distinct clusters, namely White and non-White ethnicities. This should serve as a reminder of the impact of social factors on health.<h4>Conclusion</h4>The use of machine learning can prove useful in identifying novel cardiac risk factors. Our analysis has shown that "social factors," such as living alone, may disproportionately increase the risk of atrial fibrillation in the under-represented non-White patient group with heart failure, highlighting the need for more studies focusing on stratification of multiracial cohorts to better uncover the heterogeneity of atrial fibrillation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, Heart failure, Machine learning, Racial disparity, Social factors
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2023 14:39
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2023 14:02
DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2023.07.019
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