Retinoblastoma seeds: impact on American Joint Committee on Cancer clinical staging

Tomar, Ankit Singh, Finger, Paul T, Gallie, Brenda, Kivela, Tero, Mallipatna, Ashwin, Zhang, Chengyue, Zhao, Junyang, Wilson, Matthew, Brennan, Rachel, Burges, Michala
et al (show 31 more authors) (2023) Retinoblastoma seeds: impact on American Joint Committee on Cancer clinical staging. BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, 107 (1). pp. 127-132.

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<h4>Aim</h4>To investigate whether the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) clinical category cT2b needs to be subclassified by the type and distribution of retinoblastoma (RB) seeding.<h4>Methods</h4>Multicentre, international registry-based data were collected from RB centres enrolled between January 2001 and December 2013. 1054 RB eyes with vitreous or subretinal seeds from 18 ophthalmic oncology centres, in 13 countries within six continents were analysed. Local treatment failure was defined as the use of secondary enucleation or external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method.<h4>Results</h4>Clinical category cT2b included 1054 eyes. Median age at presentation was 16.0 months. Of these, 428 (40.6%) eyes were salvaged, and 430 (40.8%) were treated with primary and 196 (18.6%) with secondary enucleation. Of the 592 eyes that had complete data for globe salvage analysis, the distribution of seeds was focal in 143 (24.2%) and diffuse in 449 (75.8%). The 5-year Kaplan-Meier cumulative globe-salvage (without EBRT) was 78% and 49% for eyes with focal and diffuse RB seeding, respectively. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis confirmed a higher local treatment failure risk with diffuse seeds as compared with focal seeds (hazard rate: 2.8; p<0.001). There was insufficient evidence to prove or disprove an association between vitreous seed type and local treatment failure risk(p=0.06).<h4>Conclusion</h4>This international, multicentre, registry-based analysis of RB eyes affirmed that eyes with diffuse intraocular distribution of RB seeds at diagnosis had a higher risk of local treatment failure when compared with focal seeds. Subclassification of AJCC RB category cT2b into focal vs diffuse seeds will improve prognostication for eye salvage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pathology, neoplasia, retina, vitreous
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2023 10:14
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2023 10:15
DOI: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2021-318892
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