Σ(1385)<SUP>±</SUP> resonance production in Pb-Pb collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV



Acharya, S, Adamova, D, Adler, A, Rinella, G Aglieri, Agnello, M, Agrawal, N, Ahammed, Z, Ahmad, S, Ahn, SU, Ahuja, I
et al (show 1022 more authors) (2023) Σ(1385)<SUP>±</SUP> resonance production in Pb-Pb collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV. EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C, 83 (5).

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Hadronic resonances are used to probe the hadron gas produced in the late stage of heavy-ion collisions since they decay on the same timescale, of the order of 1–10 fm/<jats:italic>c</jats:italic>, as the decoupling time of the system. In the hadron gas, (pseudo)elastic scatterings among the products of resonances that decayed before the kinetic freeze-out and regeneration processes counteract each other, the net effect depending on the resonance lifetime, the duration of the hadronic phase, and the hadronic cross sections at play. In this context, the <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Sigma (1385)^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>Σ</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mn>1385</mml:mn> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> particle is of particular interest as models predict that regeneration dominates over rescattering despite its relatively short lifetime of about 5.5 fm/<jats:italic>c</jats:italic>. The first measurement of the <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Sigma (1385)^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>Σ</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mn>1385</mml:mn> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> resonance production at midrapidity in Pb–Pb collisions at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\sqrt{s_{\textrm{NN}}}= 5.02$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msqrt> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> <mml:mtext>NN</mml:mtext> </mml:msub> </mml:msqrt> <mml:mo>=</mml:mo> <mml:mn>5.02</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> TeV with the ALICE detector is presented in this Letter. The resonances are reconstructed via their hadronic decay channel, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Lambda \pi $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> <mml:mi>π</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, as a function of the transverse momentum (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$p_\textrm{T}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>p</mml:mi> <mml:mtext>T</mml:mtext> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) and the collision centrality. The results are discussed in comparison with the measured yield of pions and with expectations from the statistical hadronization model as well as commonly employed event generators, including PYTHIA8/Angantyr and EPOS3 coupled to the UrQMD hadronic cascade afterburner. None of the models can describe the data. For <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Sigma (1385)^{\pm }$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>Σ</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mn>1385</mml:mn> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> <mml:mo>±</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, a similar behaviour as <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\textrm{K}^{*} (892)^{0}$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msup> <mml:mtext>K</mml:mtext> <mml:mrow> <mml:mrow /> <mml:mo>∗</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> </mml:msup> <mml:msup> <mml:mrow> <mml:mo>(</mml:mo> <mml:mn>892</mml:mn> <mml:mo>)</mml:mo> </mml:mrow> <mml:mn>0</mml:mn> </mml:msup> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> is observed in data unlike the predictions of EPOS3 with afterburner.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2023 14:16
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2023 21:23
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-023-11475-1
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-023-11475-1
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3173410