Towards the understanding of the genuine three-body interaction for p-p-p and p-p-Λ



Acharya, S, Adamova, D, Adler, A, Rinella, G Aglieri, Agnello, M, Agrawal, N, Ahammed, Z, Ahmad, S, Ahn, SU, Ahuja, I
et al (show 1027 more authors) (2023) Towards the understanding of the genuine three-body interaction for p-p-p and p-p-Λ. EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL A, 59 (7). 145-.

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Three-body nuclear forces play an important role in the structure of nuclei and hypernuclei and are also incorporated in models to describe the dynamics of dense baryonic matter, such as in neutron stars. So far, only indirect measurements anchored to the binding energies of nuclei can be used to constrain the three-nucleon force, and if hyperons are considered, the scarce data on hypernuclei impose only weak constraints on the three-body forces. In this work, we present the first direct measurement of the p–p–p and p–p–<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Lambda $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> systems in terms of three-particle correlation functions carried out for pp collisions at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\sqrt{s} = 13$$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mrow> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> <mml:mo>=</mml:mo> <mml:mn>13</mml:mn> </mml:mrow> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> TeV. Three-particle cumulants are extracted from the correlation functions by applying the Kubo formalism, where the three-particle interaction contribution to these correlations can be isolated after subtracting the known two-body interaction terms. A negative cumulant is found for the p–p–p system, hinting to the presence of a residual three-body effect while for p–p–<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$\Lambda $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>Λ</mml:mi> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> the cumulant is consistent with zero. This measurement demonstrates the accessibility of three-baryon correlations at the LHC.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 5106 Nuclear and Plasma Physics, 5110 Synchrotrons and Accelerators, 51 Physical Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2023 14:32
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 18:55
DOI: 10.1140/epja/s10050-023-00998-6
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/s10050-023-00998-6
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3173416