Forecasting the mortality burden of coronary heart disease and stroke in Germany: National trends and regional inequalities.

Emmert-Fees, Karl MF ORCID: 0000-0003-2330-1079, Luhar, Shammi, O'Flaherty, Martin ORCID: 0000-0001-8944-4131, Kypridemos, Chris ORCID: 0000-0002-0746-9229 and Laxy, Michael
(2023) Forecasting the mortality burden of coronary heart disease and stroke in Germany: National trends and regional inequalities. International journal of cardiology, 393. p. 131359.

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<h4>Background</h4>The decline of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality has slowed in many countries, including Germany. We examined the implications of this trend for future coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke mortality in Germany considering persistent mortality inequalities between former East and West Germany.<h4>Methods</h4>We retrieved demographic and mortality data from 1991 to 2019 from the German Federal Statistical Office. Using a Bayesian age-period-cohort framework, we projected CHD and stroke mortality from 2019 to 2035, stratified by sex and German region. We decomposed annual changes in deaths into three components (mortality rates, population age structure and population size) and assessed regional inequalities with age-sex-standardized mortality ratios.<h4>Results</h4>We confirmed that declines of CVD mortality rates in Germany will likely stagnate. From 2019 to 2035, we projected fewer annual CHD deaths (114,600 to 103,500 [95%-credible interval: 81,700; 134,000]) and an increase in stroke deaths (51,300 to 53,700 [41,400; 72,000]). Decomposing past and projected mortality, we showed that population ageing was and is offset by declining mortality rates. This likely reverses after 2030 leading to increased CVD deaths thereafter. Inequalities between East and West declined substantially since 1991 and are projected to stabilize for CHD but narrow for stroke.<h4>Conclusions</h4>CVD deaths in Germany likely keep declining until 2030, but may increase thereafter due to population ageing if the reduction in mortality rates slows further. East-West mortality inequalities for CHD remain stable but may converge for stroke. Underlying risk factor trends need to be monitored and addressed by public health policy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, Demography, Forecast, Mortality, Population health
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 15:09
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2023 04:44
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2023.131359
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