Professional identity formation amongst peer-mentors in a research-based mentoring programme.

Krishna, Lalit Kumar Radha, Pisupati, Anushka, Teo, Kelly Jia Hui, Teo, Mac Yu Kai, Quek, Chrystie Wan Ning, Chua, Keith Zi Yuan, Venktaramana, Vaishnavi, Raveendran, Vijayprasanth, Singh, Harpreet, Hui, Sabine Lauren Wong Chyi
et al (show 10 more authors) (2023) Professional identity formation amongst peer-mentors in a research-based mentoring programme. BMC medical education, 23 (1). 787-.

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<h4>Background</h4>Mentoring plays a pivotal yet poorly understood role in shaping a physician's professional identity formation (PIF) or how they see, feel and act as professionals. New theories posit that mentoring nurtures PIF by functioning as a community of practice through its structured approach and its support of a socialisation process made possible by its assessment-directed personalized support. To test this theory and reshape the design, employ and support of mentoring programs, we evaluate peer-mentor experiences within the Palliative Medicine Initiative's structured research mentoring program.<h4>Methods</h4>Semi-structured interviews with peer mentors under the Palliative Medicine Initiative (PMI) at National Cancer Centre Singapore were conducted and triangulated against mentoring diaries to capture longitudinal data of their PMI experiences. The Systematic Evidence-Based Approach (SEBA) was adopted to enhance the trustworthiness of the data. SEBA employed concurrent content and thematic analysis of the data to ensure a comprehensive review. The Jigsaw Perspective merged complementary themes and categories identified to create themes/categories. The themes/categories were compared with prevailing studies on mentoring in the Funnelling Process to reaffirm their accuracy.<h4>Results</h4>Twelve peer-mentors participated in the interviews and eight peer-mentors completed the mentoring diaries. The domains identified were community of practice and identity work.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The PMI's structured mentoring program functions as a community of practice supporting the socialisation process which shapes the peer-mentor's belief system. Guided by a structured mentoring approach, stage-based assessments, and longitudinal mentoring and peer support, peer-mentors enhance their detection and evaluation of threats to their regnant belief system and adapt their self-concepts of identity and personhood to suit their context. These insights will help structure and support mentoring programs as they nurture PIF beyond Palliative Medicine.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Social Identification, Peer Group, Socialization, Mentors, Mentoring
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2023 16:02
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2023 16:03
DOI: 10.1186/s12909-023-04718-y
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