Minimal clinically-important differences for the "Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs" (LOAD) and the "Canine Orthopedic Index" (COI) in dogs with osteoarthritis.



Alves, JC and Innes, John F
(2023) Minimal clinically-important differences for the "Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs" (LOAD) and the "Canine Orthopedic Index" (COI) in dogs with osteoarthritis. PloS one, 18 (9). e0291881-e0291881.

[img] Text
Minimal clinically-important differences for the Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs (LOAD) and the Canine Orthopedic Index (CO.pdf - Open Access published version

Download (410kB) | Preview

Abstract

<h4>Objective</h4>Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease in companion animals. Several client-report outcome measures (CROMs) have been developed and validated to monitor patients and their response to treatment. However, estimates for minimal clinically-important differences for these CROMs in the context of osteoarthritis have not been published.<h4>Patients and methods</h4>Data from the Clínica Veterinária de Cães (Portuguese Gendarmerie Canine Clinic) clinical records were extracted. Baseline and 30-day post-treatment follow-up data from 296 dogs treated for hip osteoarthritis were categorized based on an anchor question, and estimates of minimal clinically-important differences (MCIDs) using distribution-based and anchor-based methods were performed.<h4>Results</h4>For the LOAD, the anchor-based methods provided a MCID estimate range of -2.5 to -9.1 and the distribution-based methods from 1.6 to 4.2. For the COI, the anchor-based methods provided a MCID estimate range of -4.5 to -16.6 and the distribution-based methods from 2.3 to 2.4. For the dimensions of COI, values varied from -0.5 to -4.9 with the anchor-based methods and from 0.6 to 2.7 with the distribution-based methods. Receiver operator characteristic curves provided areas under the curve >0.7 for the COI, indicating an acceptable cut-off point, and >0.8 for the LOAD, indicating an excellent cut-off point.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Our estimates of MCIDs for dogs with OA were consistent with previously proposed values of -4 for the LOAD and -14 for the COI in a post-surgical intervention context. ROC curve data suggest that LOAD may more reliably differentiate between anchor groups. We also presented estimates from COI of -4 for Stiffness, Function, and Gait and -3 for quality of life. These estimates can be used for research and patient monitoring.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Dogs, Humans, Osteoarthritis, Hip, Orthopedics, Quality of Life, Ambulatory Care Facilities, Ethnicity
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences > School of Veterinary Science
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2024 10:26
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2024 10:26
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0291881
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3177948