Charged-lepton-flavour violation at the LHC: a search for $Z\to eτ/μτ$ decays with the ATLAS detector

Collaboration, ATLAS
Charged-lepton-flavour violation at the LHC: a search for $Z\to eτ/μτ$ decays with the ATLAS detector. [Preprint]

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In the Standard Model of particle physics, leptons are key building blocks of matter and come in three families (flavours). Leptons of different flavours have the same properties, except for their mass. In addition, the number of leptons in each family is conserved in interactions. Such conservation is known as lepton flavour conservation, and no fundamental principles impose it. Since the formulation of the Standard Model, the observation of flavour oscillations among neutrinos (the neutral leptons) has demonstrated that neutrinos have mass and in neutrino weak interactions the lepton flavour is not conserved. To date, there is no experimental evidence that lepton flavour violation occurs in interactions between charged leptons, and an observation of such a phenomenon would be an exciting sign of new particles or new type of interactions beyond the Standard Model. The ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN sets a new constraint on lepton-flavour-violating effects in weak interactions, searching for $Z$-boson decays into a $\tau$-lepton and another lepton of different flavour ($e$ or $\mu$) with opposite electric charge. The branching fractions for these decays are now measured by the ATLAS experiment to be less than $8.1\times10^{-6}$ ($e\tau$) and $9.5\times10^{-6}$ ($\mu\tau$) at 95% confidence level, using 139 fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collision data at centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV and 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV. These results supersede the best limits set by the LEP experiments more than two decades ago.

Item Type: Preprint
Additional Information: 36 pages in total, author list starting page 20, 3 figures, 5 tables, to be submitted to Nature Physics. All figures including auxiliary figures are available at
Uncontrolled Keywords: hep-ex, hep-ex
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2024 10:56
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2024 10:56
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