Continuous flow synthesis of meso-substituted porphyrins with inline UV–Vis analysis

Parveen, Firdaus, Morris, Henry J, West, Harvey and Slater, Anna G ORCID: 0000-0002-1435-4331
(2024) Continuous flow synthesis of meso-substituted porphyrins with inline UV–Vis analysis. Journal of Flow Chemistry, 14 (1). pp. 23-31.

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Porphyrin derivatives have found diverse applications due to their attractive photophysical and catalytic properties, but remain challenging to synthesize, particularly at scale. Porphyrin synthesis thus stands to benefit from the more controlled environment, opportunities for efficient optimization, and potential for scale-up available in flow. Here, we have transferred Lindsey porphyrin synthesis into flow, enabling controlled timing for oxidation and neutralization steps and real time monitoring of the reaction mixture with inline UV–Vis analysis. For tetraphenyl porphyrin (TPP), inline UV–Vis showed the presence of protonated TPP, formed due to residual acid. Thus, inline monitoring allowed optimization of the neutralization step to improve yield. Three further porphyrin substrates were produced in flow; in two cases, the yield from inline UV was significantly higher than the yield from post-purification, identifying further yield losses that could be recovered by modifying the purification step. The workflow presented here can be adapted to multiple substrates to systematically optimise porphyrin yield, reducing the time needed to develop scalable routes to these valuable compounds.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2024 09:00
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2024 02:27
DOI: 10.1007/s41981-023-00305-w
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