Temperature and pH Stimuli-Responsive System Delivers Location-Specific Antimicrobial Activity with Natural Products.

Morris, Gareth, Goodman, Sean, Sorzabal Bellido, Ioritz, Milanese, Chiara, Girella, Alessandro, Pallavicini, Piersandro, Taglietti, Angelo, Gaboardi, Mattia, Jäckel, Frank ORCID: 0000-0002-9486-7996, Diaz Fernandez, Yuri A ORCID: 0000-0003-3422-8663
et al (show 1 more authors) (2023) Temperature and pH Stimuli-Responsive System Delivers Location-Specific Antimicrobial Activity with Natural Products. ACS applied bio materials, 7 (1). pp. 131-143.

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Smart materials with controlled stimuli-responsive functions are at the forefront of technological development. In this work, we present a generic strategy that combines simple components, physicochemical responses, and easy fabrication methods to achieve a dual stimuli-responsive system capable of location-specific antimicrobial cargo delivery. The encapsulated system is fabricated by combining a biocompatible inert polymeric matrix of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and a bioactive cargo of saturated fatty acids. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach to deliver antimicrobial activity for the model bacteria <i>Escherichia coli</i>. The system responds to two control variables, temperature and pH, delivering two levels of antimicrobial response under distinct combinations of stimuli: one response toward the planktonic media and another response directly at the surface for sessile bacteria. Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy alongside thermal and structural material analysis reveals that the system not only exhibits ON/OFF states but can also control relocation and targeting of the active cargo toward either the surface or the liquid media, leading to different ON/OFF states for the planktonic and sessile bacteria. The approach proposed herein is technologically simple and scalable, facing low regulatory barriers within the food and healthcare sectors by using approved components and relying on fundamental chemical processes. Our results also provide a proof-of-concept platform for the design and easy fabrication of delivery systems capable of operating as Boolean logic gates, delivering different responses under different environmental conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Escherichia coli, Polymers, Biological Products, Temperature, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2024 10:14
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2024 10:59
DOI: 10.1021/acsabm.3c00588
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsabm.3c00588
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3178087