Microcephaly with a disproportionate hippocampal reduction, stem cell loss and neuronal lipid droplet symptoms in Trappc9 KO mice

Aljuraysi, Sultan, Platt, Mark, Pulix, Michela, Poptani, Harish ORCID: 0000-0002-0593-3235 and Plagge, Antonius ORCID: 0000-0001-6592-1343
(2024) Microcephaly with a disproportionate hippocampal reduction, stem cell loss and neuronal lipid droplet symptoms in Trappc9 KO mice. Neurobiology of Disease, 192. p. 106431.

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Mutations of the human TRAFFICKING PROTEIN PARTICLE COMPLEX SUBUNIT 9 (TRAPPC9) cause a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by microcephaly and intellectual disability. Trappc9 constitutes a subunit specific to the intracellular membrane-associated TrappII complex. The TrappII complex interacts with Rab11 and Rab18, the latter being specifically associated with lipid droplets (LDs). Here we used non-invasive imaging to characterise Trappc9 knock-out (KO) mice as a model of the human hereditary disorder. KOs developed postnatal microcephaly with many grey and white matter regions being affected. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) identified a disproportionately stronger volume reduction in the hippocampus, which was associated with a significant loss of Sox2-positive neural stem and progenitor cells. Diffusion tensor imaging indicated a reduced organisation or integrity of white matter areas. Trappc9 KOs displayed behavioural abnormalities in several tests related to exploration, learning and memory. Trappc9-deficient primary hippocampal neurons accumulated a larger LD volume per cell following Oleic Acid stimulation, and the coating of LDs by Perilipin-2 was much reduced. Additionally, Trappc9 KOs developed obesity, which was significantly more severe in females than in males. Our findings indicate that, beyond previously reported Rab11-related vesicle transport defects, dysfunctions in LD homeostasis might contribute to the neurobiological symptoms of Trappc9 deficiency.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neurons, Animals, Mice, Knockout, Humans, Mice, Microcephaly, Female, Male, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Lipid Droplets
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2024 08:23
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 20:55
DOI: 10.1016/j.nbd.2024.106431
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3178676