Current trends, barriers, and facilitators of use of core outcome sets in Cochrane systematic reviews: Protocol



Saldanha, Ian ORCID: 0000-0002-2062-3382, Hughes, Karen, Dodd, Susanna, Lasserson, Toby, Kirkham, Jamie, Lucas, Samuel and Williamson, Paula
(2023) Current trends, barriers, and facilitators of use of core outcome sets in Cochrane systematic reviews: Protocol. F1000Research, 12. p. 735.

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Abstract

<ns4:p><ns4:bold>Background</ns4:bold>: Core outcome sets (COS) represent agreed-upon minimum outcomes that should be reported in all studies in a given topic area. Cochrane reviews are considered among the most rigorously conducted systematic reviews (SRs). In 2019, seven of the first 100 published Cochrane SRs (7%) cited a COS in relation to choosing outcomes. A relevant COS existed but was not mentioned (or cited) for 27 of the remaining 93 SRs (29%). Among Cochrane Review Group editors surveyed in 2019, 86% felt that COS should definitely/possibly be used in Cochrane SRs. As of September 2019, the Cochrane Handbook recommends that SR teams consult resources that host relevant COS when choosing outcomes for the SR.</ns4:p><ns4:p> <ns4:bold>Objectives</ns4:bold>: (1) Examine the extent to which authors are currently considering COS to inform outcome choice in Cochrane protocols and completed SRs. (2) Understand author barriers and facilitators of using COS in Cochrane protocols and completed SRs.</ns4:p><ns4:p> <ns4:bold>Methods: </ns4:bold>We will examine the extent to which all Cochrane SRs published in the last 3 months of 2022 and all Cochrane protocols published in 2022: (a) cited a COS, (b) searched for COS, and (c) reported outcome inconsistency among included studies and/or noted the need for COS. One investigator will extract information from SRs and protocols; a second extractor will verify all information, discussing discrepancies to achieve consensus. Using Jisc Online Surveys®, we will conduct an online anonymous survey of authors of all the included completed SRs and protocols to assess author awareness of COS and identify barriers and facilitators of using COS to inform outcome choice.</ns4:p><ns4:p> <ns4:bold>Discussion: </ns4:bold>This study will provide key information regarding uptake of COS by Cochrane SR authors and the barriers and facilitators that they experience. Our findings will inform approaches to increasing awareness and uptake of COS in future SRs, both with and beyond Cochrane.</ns4:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 4202 Epidemiology, 46 Information and Computing Sciences, 42 Health Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2024 10:55
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 16:54
DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.133688.1
Open Access URL: https://f1000research.com/articles/12-735/v1
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3179420