Tungsten 'fuzz' growth re-examined: the dependence on ion fluence in non-erosive and erosive helium plasma



Petty, TJ, Baldwin, MJ, Hasan, MI ORCID: 0000-0001-6993-933X, Doerner, RP and Bradley, JW
(2015) Tungsten 'fuzz' growth re-examined: the dependence on ion fluence in non-erosive and erosive helium plasma. Nuclear Fusion, 55 (9). 093033-093033.

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Abstract

The thickness x, of tungsten fuzz layers are measured for non-varying helium (He) plasma exposure conditions spanning four orders of ion fluence (1024-1028m-2) and flux (1019-1023 m-2 s-1), at 1000-1140 K under low energy He ion impact (50-80) eV. The data obtained are complemented by previously published data of similar growth conditions, and collectively analysed. The new analysis allows for the reconciliation of fast high flux growth with commonly observed slower growth at lower flux. It is demonstrated that the standing t1/2 time dependence is a special case of a more general expression for determining the layer thickness, , that depends on , an incubation fluence , and the growth constant m4, which is temperature dependent. The incubation fluence, which must be exceeded before the observation on the onset of fuzz surface morphology is determined to be m-2. In fuzz growth-erosion regimes, characterized by an erosion constant , that is proportional to the sputter yield, an analytic solution for has been found, by solving the growth-erosion equilibria problem of prior work with the Lambert W function. Simple limit expressions follow from the solution for determining the equilibrium fluence and fuzz thickness; the predictions of such being in good agreement with previous fuzz growth-erosion equilibria results in the literature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: tungsten, helium, fuzz, fuzzy, nanostructure, fluence, erosive
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2016 09:12
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:37
DOI: 10.1088/0029-5515/55/9/093033
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3000785